ISBN : 9780199930166
A Modern History of Japan: From Tokugawa Times to the Present, Third Edition, paints a richly nuanced and strikingly original portrait of the last two centuries of Japanese history. It takes students from the days of the shogunate-the feudal overlordship of the Tokugawa family-through the modernizing revolution launched by midlevel samurai in the late nineteenth century; the adoption of Western hairstyles, clothing, and military organization; and the nation's first experiments with mass democracy after World War I. Author Andrew Gordon offers the finest synthesis to date of Japan's passage through militarism, World War II, the American occupation, and the subsequent economic rollercoaster.
The true ingenuity and value of Gordon's approach lies in his close attention to the non-elite layers of society. Here students will see the influence of outside ideas, products, and culture on home life, labor unions, political parties, gender relations, and popular entertainment. The book examines Japan's struggles to define the meaning of its modernization, from villages and urban neighborhoods, to factory floors and middle managers' offices, to the imperial court. Most importantly, it illuminates the interconnectedness of Japanese developments with world history, demonstrating how Japan's historical passage represents a variation of a process experienced by many nations and showing how the Japanese narrative forms one part of the interwoven fabric of modern history.
This third edition incorporates increased coverage of both Japan's role within East Asia-particularly with China, Korea, and Manchuria-as well as expanded discussions of cultural and intellectual history.
Maps, Tables, and Figures
Introduction: Enduring Imprints on the Longer Past
Part 1: Crisis of the Tokugawa Regime
1. The Tokugawa Polity Unification The Tokugawa Political Settlements The Daimy? The Imperial Institution The Samurai Villagers and City-Dwellers The Margins of the Japanese and Japan
2. Social and Economic Transformations The Seventeenth-Century Boom Riddles of Stagnation and Vitality
3. The Intellectual World of Late Tokugawa Ideological Foundations of the Tokugawa Regime Cultural Diversity and Contradictions Reform, Critiques, and Insurgent Ideas
4. The Overthrow of the Tokugawa The Western Powers and the Unequal Treaties The Crumbling of Tokugawa Rule Politics of Terror and Accomodation Bakufu Revival, the Satsuma-Choshu Insurgency, and Domestic Unrest
Part 2: Modern Revolution, 1868-1905
5. The Samurai Revolution Programs of Nationalist Revolution Political Unification and Central Bureaucracy Eliminating the Status System The Conscript Army Compulsory Education The Monarch at the Center Building a Rich Country Stances toward the World
6. Participation and Protest Political Discourse and Contention Movement for Freedom and People's Rights Samurai Rebellions, Peasant Uprisings, and New Religions Participation for Women Treaty Revision and Domestic Politics The Meiji Constitution
7. Social, Economic, and Cultural Transformations Landlords and Tenants Industrial Revolution The Work Force and Labor Conditions Spread of Mass and Higher Education Culture and Religion Affirming Japanese Identity and Destiny
8. Empire and Domestic Order The Trajectory to Empire Contexts of Empire, Capitalism, and Nation-Building The Turbulent World of Diet Politics The Era of Popular Protest Engineering Nationalism
Part 3: Imperial Japan From Ascendance to Ashes
9. Economy and Society Wartime Boom and Postwar Bust Landlords, Tenants, and Rural Life City Life: Middle and Working Classes Cultural Responses to Social Change
10. Democracy and Empire between the World Wars The Emergence of Party Cabinets The Structure of Parliamentary Government Ideological Challenges Strategies of Imperial Democratic Rule Japan, Asia, and the Western Powers
11. The Depression Crisis and Responses Economic and Social Crisis Breaking the Impasse: New Departures Abroad Toward a New Social Economic Order Toward a New Political Order
12. Japan in Wartime Wider War in China Toward Pearl Harbor The Pacific War Mobilizing for Total War Living in the Shadow of War Ending the War Burdens and Legacies of War
13. Occupied Japan: New Departures and Durable Structures Bearing the Unbearable The American Agenda: Demilitarize and Democratize Japanese Responses The Reverse Course Toward Recovery and Independence: Another Unequal Treaty?
Part 4: Postwar and Contemporary Japan, 1952-2000
14. Economic and Social Transformations The Postwar "Economic Miracle" Transwar Patterns of Community, Family, School, and Work Shared Experiences and Standardized Lifeways of the Postwar Era Differences Enduring and Realigned Managing Social Stability and Change Images and Ideologies of Social Stability and Change
15. Political Struggles and Settlements of the High-Growth Era Political Struggles The Politics of Accommodation Global Connections: Oil Crisis and the End of High Growth
16. Global Power in a Polarized World: Japan in the 1980s New Roles in the World and New Tensions Economy: Thriving Through the Oil Crises Politics: The Conservative Heyday Society and Culture in the Exuberant Eighties
17. Japan's "Lost Decades": 1989-2008 The End of Showa The Specter of a Divided Society Economy of the "Lost Decade" The Fall and Rise of the Liberal Democratic Party Assessing Reforms, Explaining Recovery Between Asia and the West Ongoing Presence of the Past
18. Shock, Disaster and Aftermath: Japan since 2008 The Lehman Shock Politics of Hope and Disillusionment Making Sense of the Perception of Decline The Disasters of 3.11 and Aftermath