ISBN : 9780199340057
The Founding Fathers who drafted the United States Constitution in 1787 distrusted political parties, popular democracy, centralized government, and a strong executive office. Yet the country's national politics have historically included all those features. In American Political History: A Very Short Introduction, Donald Critchlow takes on this contradiction between original theory and actual practice. This brief, accessible book explores the nature of the two-party system, key turning points in American political history, representative presidential and congressional elections, struggles to expand the electorate, and critical social protest and third-party movements. The volume emphasizes the continuity of a liberal tradition challenged by partisan divide, war, and periodic economic turmoil.
American Political History: A Very Short Introduction explores the emergence of a democratic political culture within a republican form of government, showing the mobilization and extension of the mass electorate over the lifespan of the country. In a nation characterized by great racial, ethnic, and religious diversity, American democracy has proven extraordinarily durable. Individual parties have risen and fallen, but the dominance of the two-party system persists. Fierce debates over the meaning of the U.S. Constitution have created profound divisions within the parties and among voters, but a belief in the importance of constitutional order persists among political leaders and voters. Americans have been deeply divided about the extent of federal power, slavery, the meaning of citizenship, immigration policy, civil rights, and a range of economic, financial, and social policies. New immigrants, racial minorities, and women have joined the electorate and the debates. But American political history, with its deep social divisions, bellicose rhetoric, and antagonistic partisanship provides valuable lessons about the meaning and viability of democracy in the early 21st century.
"This Very Short Introduction is a concise, readable narrative of American political history. Critchlow has done a particularly good job at illustrating transitions in elite political culture." - Reviews in History, Mark Power Smith
List of illustrations
Chapter 1 The Politics of the Constitution, 1787-89
Chapter 2 Contentious People and Factious Parties in the Early Republic, 1789-1824
Chapter 3 The Age of Democracy, 1816-1844
Chapter 4 The Politics of Slavery: Prelude to the Civil War, 1844-1860
Chapter 5 Politics in War and Reconstruction, 1861-1876
Chapter 6 Gilded Age Frustration and the Progressive Response, 1877-1918
Chapter 7 Affluence, Depression, and World War, 1920-1945
Chapter 8 Early Cold War Politics, 1946-74
Chapter 9 America Divided, 1974-present