Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edition) [#031]
Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edition) [#031]

君主たるもの良くない人間になり得ることを学ぶべきであり、必要が命ずるときはそれを実行する覚悟が必要である、と説いたイタリアの政治思想家ニッコロ・マキャヴェッリ(1469-1527年)。本書は『君主論』をはじめとする著作にみられる思想をじっくり検証する手ごろな入門書です。改訂新版は『君主論』で議論されている君主として権力を保持し続けるにはどのような「ヴィルトゥ(徳、技量)」が必要かについて、キケーロやリウィウスら古代ローマの倫理学者・歴史家からマキャヴェッリが受けた影響について新たな考察を加えています。(cf. The Prince (Oxford World's Classics) ほか)

  • Explores Machiavelli's infamous theory of princely virtù, tracing its roots in the works of ancient historians and moralists, and considering its influence on contemporary politics
  • Includes an updated discussion of The Prince
  • Reveals the relationship between Machiavelli's active political career and his subsequent political works
  • Includes new material discussing Machiavelli's idea of a 'free state'

Niccolò Machiavelli taught that political leaders must be prepared to do evil so that good may come of it, and his name has been a byword ever since for duplicity and immorality. Is his sinister reputation deserved? In answering this question Quentin Skinner traces the course of Machiavelli's adult life, from his time as Second Chancellor of the Florentine republic, during which he met with kings, the pope, and the Holy Roman Emperor; to the fall of the republic in 1512; to his death in 1527. It was after the fall of the Republic that Machiavelli composed his main political works: The Prince, the Discourses, and The History of Florence
In this second edition of his Very Short Introduction Skinner includes new material on The Prince, showing how Machiavelli developed his neo-classical political theory, through engaging in continual dialogue with the ancient Roman moralists and historians, especially Cicero and Livy. The aim of political leaders, Machiavelli argues, should be to act virtuously so far as possible, but to stand ready 'to be not good' when this course of action is dictated by necessity. Exploring the pivotal concept of princely virtù to be found in classical and Renaissance humanist texts, Skinner brings new light to Machiavelli's philosophy of a willingness to do whatever may be necessary - whether moral or otherwise -to maintain a position of power. 


1: The Diplomat
2: The Adviser to Princes
3: The Theorist of Liberty
4: The Historian of Florence
Further reading


Quentin Skinner, Barber Beaumont Professor of the Humanities, Queen Mary University of London
Quentin Skinner was born in 1940 and educated at Gonville and Caius College Cambridge, where he is now an Honorary Fellow. Between 1974 and 1979 he was a Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, before returning to Cambridge as Professor of Political Science. He was appointed Regius Professor of History at Cambridge in 1996, a post he held until he moved to Queen Mary University of London in 2008. He is a Fellow of the British Academy and a foreign member of many other national academies, including the Academia Europea. He is the author of a number of books, including The Foundations of Political Thought (Cambridge, 1978), and From Humanism to Hobbes: studies in rhetoric and politics (Cambridge, 2018), and his scholarship has won him many awards, such as the Isaiah Berlin Prize, The Wolfson History Prize, and two awards from the American Political Science Association.

"Quentin Skinner's Machiavelli: A short introduction, published nearly forty years ago and now issued in a new edition, remains a frontrunner in the field. [...] The excellence of Skinner's book lies chiefly in its cool treatment of Machiavelli in his immediate context including his encounters with princes, Florence's political tergiversations, Italy being overrun by foreign armies, and his family background, education and readings in the classics. Skinner's aim was "to serve as a recording angel, not a hanging judge", and he therefore sought to avoid the "defeasible standards of the present as a means of praising or blaming the past"." - Laura Martines, The Times Literary Supplement


ISBN : 9780198837572

Quentin Skinner
152 ページ
111 x 174 mm
Very Short Introductions





Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edition) [#031]

Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edition) [#031]

Machiavelli: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edition) [#031]