Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies (3rd edition)

David P. Barash

Approaches to Peace: A Reader in Peace Studies, Third Edition, provides a unique and interdisciplinary sampling of key articles and literary selections focusing on the diverse facets of peace and conflict studies. Featuring both classic and contemporary work, it enables students to read highly influential articles while also introducing them to the most current perspectives in the field. Timeless classics from Leo Tolstoy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, and Henry David Thoreau are included alongside contemporary pieces. Updated to address current concerns, the third edition incorporates fourteen new readings. Ideal on its own as a foundation text in any introductory peace studies course, Approaches to Peace, Third Edition, is also compact enough to use as a supplement with more specialized readings. Each selection is prefaced by a short introduction highlighting the author's background, the work's historical context, and the selection's significance in terms of the "big picture." Study questions and a list of suggested readings at the end of each selection also provide useful resources for students.


Introduction: Approaches to Approaches to Peace
Chapter 1: Understanding War
1. Why War? / Sigmund Freud
2. On Aggression / Konrad Z. Lorenz
3. Warfare is Only an Invention - Not a Biological Necessity / Margaret Mead
4. War is a Force That Gives Us Meaning / Chris Hedges
5. War and Other Essays / William Graham Sumner
6. Victims of Groupthink / Irving Janis
7. The Causes of War / Michael Howard
8. National Images and International Systems / Kenneth Boulding
9. The Clash of Civilizations / Samuel Huntington
10. Resource Competition in the 21st Century / Michael T. Klare
11. Battlefields of the Future and Do Drones Undermine Democracy? / Peter Singer
12. The Revisionist Imperative: Rethinking Twentieth Century Wars / Andrew J. Bacevich
Study Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Chapter 2: Building "Negative Peace"
1. The Moral Equivalent of War / William James
2. Getting to Yes / Roger Fisher, William Ury, and Bruce Patton
3. Disarmament Demands GRIT / Charles Osgood
4. Ten Nuclear Myths / David Krieger and Angela McCrackien
5. A World Free of Nuclear Weapons / George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger, and Sam Nunn
6. A Powerful Peace / Jonathan Schell
7. Nuclear Proliferation: History and Lessons / Volha Charnysh
8. Transforming the War Economy into the Peacekeeping Economy: Using Economic Relationships to Build A More Peaceful, Prosperous and Secure World / Lloyd J. Dumas
9. International Law / David P. Barash
10. Just War Doctrine / AUTHOR TBD
11. An Insider's Guide to the UN / Linda Fasulo
12. World Government? / David P. Barash
13. Violence Vanquished / Steven Pinker
14. Life Without War / Douglas P. Fry
Study Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Chapter 3: Responding to Terrorism
1. Terrorism Past and Present / RAND Corporation
2. The Evil Scourge of Terrorism: Reality, Construction, Remedy / Noam Chomsky
3. Terrorism: Theirs and Ours / Eqbal Ahmad
4. The U.S. Response to Terrorism / Haviland Smith
5. Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism / Robert Pape
6. Clarifying the Meaning of Jihad / Ali Gomaa
Study Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Chapter 4: Building "Positive Peace"
1. The Land Ethic / Aldo Leopold
2. Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech / Al Gore
3. The Pedagogy of the Oppressed / Paulo Freire
4. Global Economic Solidarity / Jeffrey Sachs
5. Letter from a Birmingham Jail / Martin Luther King, Jr.
6. Human Rights / David P. Barash
Study Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Chapter 5: Nonviolence
1. Civil Disobedience / Henry David Thoreau
2. Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby / Leo Tolstoy
3. Conscientious Objector / Edna St. Vincent Millay
4. Neither Victims Nor Executioners / Albert Camus
5. Ahi?s?, or the Way of Nonviolence / Mohandas Gandhi
6. Seeking a Solution to the Problem of War / Gene Sharp
7. Soft Power / Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Study Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading
Chapter 6: Peace Movements, Transformation, and the Future
1. On Humane Governance / Richard Falk
2. Sexism and the War System / Betty Reardon
3. A Human Approach to World Peace / Dalai Lama
4. Empire v. Democracy: Why Nemesis is at Our Door / Chalmers Johnson
5. No Future Without Forgiveness / Desmond Tutu
6. Vision: Revolution is as Unpredictable and Beautiful as Spring / Rebecca Solnit
7. Antiwar Activists, Where Are You? / Victoria Bonney
Study Questions
Suggestions for Further Reading


David P. Barash is Professor of Psychology at the University of Washington. He is the author of more than twenty books - including Natural Selections: Honest Liars, Selfish Altruists, and Other Realities of Evolution (2007) and more than 200 journal articles. A longtime scholar and peace activist, Dr. Barash has been instrumental in establishing Peace Studies as a legitimate academic discipline.