ISBN : 9780195305050
Eminent biblical scholar Michael D. Coogan offers here a wide-ranging and stimulating exploration of the Old Testament, illuminating its importance as history, literature, and sacred text.
Coogan explains the differences between the Bible of Jewish tradition (the "Hebrew Bible") and the Old Testament of Christianity, and also examines the different contents of the Bibles used by Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox Christians, and Protestants. He looks at the rise of modern biblical scholarship as well as the recovery of ancient Near Eastern literatures and their significance for biblical interpretation. One particularly interesting section examines three principal characters of the Old Testament—Abraham, Deborah, and David—illuminating important themes connected with them, such as Abraham and covenant and David as poet and warrior.
Coogan explores the use of invented dialogue and historical fiction in the Old Testament, the presence of mythic elements in apparently historical accounts, and the relationship of ancient Israelite myths to those of their neighbors. The book considers the Old Testament's idea of divine justice, especially in Ecclesiastes and Job, and looks at notions of the afterlife in the ancient Near East and in ancient Israel. Coogan highlights the significance of the history and literature of the Old Testament and describes how non-biblical evidence, such as archaeological data and texts, has placed the Old Testament in a larger and more illuminating context. The book also discusses law and ritual in the Bible as well as the biblical understandings of prophecy.
Here then is a marvelous overview of one of the great pillars of Western religion and culture, a book whose significance has endured for thousands of years and which remains vitally important today for Jews, Christians, and Muslims worldwide.
List of Illustrations
1. What is the Old Testament?
2. Interpretive strategies
3. The Old Testament and history
4. The Old Testament and myth
5. The Exodus from Egypt: a deep probe
6. “Keep my commandments”: biblical law
7. “Festivals of the LORD”: ritual in ancient Israel
8. Prophets and prophecies
9. Hezekiah and Sennacherib: another deep probe
10. Poetry and dissent
11. “Let us now Praise Famous Men”—and Women
12. The Enduring Significance of the Old Testament
Appendix: The Canons of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament
"this is an excellent introduction for lay readers" - T. M. Law