ISBN : 9780199682836
Most of us take it for granted that wars in defence of one's political community are the quintessential just wars. Indeed, while in recent years philosophers have subjected all of our other assumptions about just war theory to radical revision, this principle has emerged largely unscathed. But what underpins the morality of defensive war? In this book, leading moral and political philosophers both show the profoundly challenging nature of that question, and advance novel answers to it. The first part exposes the deep tension between the individualist foundations of much contemporary philosophy and plausible conclusions about the morality of defensive war. The second part offers an individualist attempt to resolve that tension, while the third seeks to justify defensive war by appeal to more collectivist values.
2. National Defence, Self-Defence, and the Problem of Political Aggression
3. Understanding the Political Defensive Privilege
4. The Myth of National Self-Defence
5. Cosmopolitanism and Wars of Self-Defence
6. What Rights may be Defended by Means of War?
7. Distributive Justice, Human Rights, and Territorial Integrity: A Contractarian Account of the Crime of Aggression
8. Collective Self-Determination, Institutions of Justice, and Wars of National Defence
9. Territorial Rights and National Defence
10. Democracy, Defence, and the Threat of Intervention