OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Medical Illuminations: Using Evidence, Visualization and Statistical Thinking to Improve Healthcare

ISBN : 9780199668793

参考価格(税込): 
¥4,928
著者: 
Howard Wainer
ページ
192 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
169 x 235 mm
刊行日
2013年10月
メール送信
印刷

Is it sensible to screen for breast or prostate cancer? Should the locations of cancer clusters be made available to the general public? When a doctor wants to perform major surgery and there's no chance for a second opinion, do you agree? The answers to these questions are not as black and white as they may first appear. Medical Illuminations presents thirteen contemporary medical topics, from the diminishing value of mammograms to how to decide if a hip needs to be replaced, to understanding cancer maps. In each case it illustrates how modern tools of statistical thinking and statistical graphics can illuminate our understanding. The goals are to solve some vexing problems that seem perplexing, and to make both the problems and their solutions clear to a non-technical audience. The aim is to ignite in the reader an understanding of statistical thinking, which, though subtle, can be learned without going through arcane mathematics. And, moreover, that learning about how to think in this way provides a huge payoff in the deeper understanding of our complex world.

目次: 

Introduction
SECTION I - COMMUNICATING WITH THE PUBLIC
1. N.Y. State's Cancer map
2. Will Burtin and some pictures at an exhibition
3. That's funny
4. Commentary on some graphs in the 2008 National Healthcare Quality Report
5. Improving graphic displays by controlling creativity
SECTION II - SOME ADVANCES
6. Looking at blood sugar
7. A different kind of second opinion on hip fractures
8. False positives
9. Estimating long-term effects
10. A remarkable horse
SECTION III - ANOTHER HINDRANCE TO PROGRESS
12. What does it take to change practice?
13. Why is a raven like a writing desk? Musing on the power of convention

著者について: 

Howard Wainer is a statistician and author; Medical Illuminations is his 20th book. His first two medical books (technical works in pediatrics) were published almost 40 years ago. He has been working primarily on medical topics since 2001 as the Distinguished Research Scientist of the National Board of Medical Examiners. At various times in his career he has taught at Princeton, The University of Chicago and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He has a PhD from Princeton and is a fellow in the American Statistical Association and the American Educational Research Association. He has been the recipient of many awards for his broad ranging research and has served internationally on many editorial boards of leading statistical journals as well as a consultant to both government and industry. He has also written a column in the magazine Chance for the past 24 years.

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