OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Breaking Male Dominance in Old Democracies

ISBN : 9780199653898

参考価格(税込): 
¥14,421
著者: 
Drude Dahlerup; Monique Leijenaar
ページ
352 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
162 x 240 mm
刊行日
2013年06月
メール送信
印刷

Has male dominance in political life been broken? Will gender balance in elected assemblies soon be reached? Around 100 years after women's suffrage was gained, and in spite of much effort, most countries are still at some distance from this goal. In 2013, the average representation of women in the world's parliaments was around 20 per cent. This book analyses the longitudinal development of women's political representation in eight old democracies, where women were enfranchised before and around World War I: Denmark, Iceland, Germany, The Netherlands, New Jersey (USA), New South Wales (Australia), Sweden, and the United Kingdom. These countries/states have all followed an incremental track model of change in women's position in political life, but have followed different trajectories. This slow development stands in contrast to recent examples of fast track development in many countries from the Global South, not least as a result of the adoption of gender quotas. Furthermore, the book discusses in four separate chapters the common historical development in old democracies, the different trajectories and sequences, the framing of women politicians, and the impact of party and party system change. In this book an innovative model of male dominance is developed and defined in terms of both degree and scope. Four stages are identified: male monopoly, small minority, large minority, and gender balance. The book then reconceptualizes male dominance by looking at horizontal and vertical sex segregation in politics, at male-coded norms in the political workplace and at discourses of women as politicians. According to the time-lag theory, gender balance in politics will gradually be achieved. However, this theory is challenged by recent stagnation and drops in women's representation in some of the old democracies. A new concept of conditional irreversibility is developed in the final discussion about whether we are heading for gender balance in politics.

目次: 

Introduction
New Jersey: Preparedness Meets Opportunity
New South Wales: Entering too late? Women in Parliamentary Politics
United Kingdom: Male Dominance Broken?
Sweden: Step by step - Women's Inroads to Parliamentary Politics
Iceland: Breaking Male Dominance by Extraordinary Means
Denmark: High Representation of Women without Gender Quotas
Netherlands: Gender Balance here to stay?
Germany: Successful Quota Rules in a Gendered Society
Breaking Male Dominance in Politics
Trajectories and Processes of Change in Women's Representation
Framing Women Politicians in Old Democracies
Gender and Party Change
Conclusion

著者について: 

Drude Dahlerup is Professor of Political Science, Stockholm University, Sweden and was educated at University of Aarhus in Denmark. Her published works on gender and politics include The New Women's Movement. Feminism and Political Power in Europe and the U.S.A (ed., 1986); Rodstromperne. Den danske Rodstrompebevaegelses udviking, nytaenkning og gennemslag 1970-1985, Vol I-II, 1998 (The Danish Redstocking Movement 1970-85); Women, Quotas and Politics (ed., 2006), as well as many articles and essays in edited collections on electoral gender quotas, gender equality policies, and the women's movement. She was a partner of the integrated EU-project, FEMCIT, 2007-2011, and together with International IDEA and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, she operates the global web site on quotas: www.quotaproject.org. Lately, Drude Dahlerup has worked as a consultant on women's political empowerment in Sierra Leone, Cambodia and Kosovo, and most recently, March 2011, in Tunisia.; Monique Leyenaar is Professor of Comparative Politics at Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands. She has written several books, articles and chapters in edited books on women and politics. Examples are 'Challenges to Women's Political Representation in Europe' in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 34, 1, 2008, 1-7 and Political Empowerment of Women. The Netherlands and Other Countries, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2004. Leyenaar has worked as a consultant for the Dutch Government and European Union on a variety of issues among which the representation of women in politics. She was a member of the European Network on Women in Decision Making in the 1990s. Since 2005 she has been a member of the Dutch Electoral Council and since 2009, a member of the Council for Public Administration.

このページに掲載の「参考価格」は日本国内における希望小売価格です。当ウェブサイトでのご購入に対して特別価格が適用される場合、販売価格は「割引価格」として表示されます。なお、価格は予告なく変更されることがございますので、あらかじめご了承ください。