OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Visions of the Buddha: Creative Dimensions of Early Buddhist Scripture

ISBN : 9780197587867

参考価格(税込): 
¥16,984
著者: 
Eviatar Shulman
ページ
280 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2021年11月
メール送信
印刷

Visions of the Buddha offers a ground-breaking approach to the nature of the early discourses of the Buddha, the most foundational scriptures of Buddhist religion. Although the early discourses are commonly considered to be attempts to preserve the Buddha's teachings, Shulman demonstrates that these texts are full of creativity, and that their main aim is to beautify the image of the wonderous Buddha. While the texts surely care for the early teachings and for the Buddha's philosophy or his guidelines for meditation, and while at times they may relate real historical events, they are no less interested in telling good stories, in re-working folkloric materials, and in the visionary contemplation of the Buddha in order to sense his unique presence. The texts can thus be, at times, a type of meditation. Eviatar Shulman frames the early discourses as literary masterpieces that helped Buddhism achieve the wonderful success it has obtained. Much of the discourses' masterful storytelling was achieved through a technique of composition defined here as the play of formulas. In the oral literature of early Buddhism, texts were composed of formulas, which are repeated within and between texts. Shulman argues that the formulas are the real texts of Buddhism, and are primary to full discourses. Shaping texts through the play of formulas balances conservative and innovative tendencies within the tradition, making room for creativity within accepted forms and patterns. The texts we find today are thus versions-remnants-chosen by history of a much more vibrant and dynamic creative process.

目次: 

Preface
I. THE LITERARY APPROACH TO THE EARLY DISCOURSES
1. Introduction: Rereading the Udumbarika-sutta
A First Textual Analysis: Why the Udumbarika-sutta?
The Formulaic Opening of the Mahasakuludayi-sutta as a Literary Preamble to the Udumbarika
The Opening of the Pali Udumbarika-sutta
The Philosophy of the Udumbarika
Versions of the Udumbarika-sutta
Conclusion
2. Literary Design in the Early Discourses
Multivalence in the Majjhima Nikaya: A Reading of the Culatanhasankhaya-sutta
The Art of Narrative in the Sila-kkhandha-vagga I: The Brahmajala
The Art of Narrative in the Sila-kkhandha-vagga II: The Samannaphala
Applying and Reapplying the SKV Formula
What is Editing?
Conclusion: The Art of Interpretation in the Nikayas
II. INNER AND OUTER WORLDS OF LITERARY EXPRESSION
3. Mindfulness of the Buddha in the Mahaparinibbana-sutta
Reading and Listening to the Mahaparinibbana-sutta (MPS)
The Climax: The Buddha Relinquishes His Life
Nearing the Buddha's Death
Death and its Aftermath
Epilogue: Ananda's Vision of the Buddha Before His Enlightenment
4. The Folklore of Sutta: Performance in the Early Discourses and Texts as Versions
Buddhist Fun in the Patika-sutta
The Patika as a Version
A Doctrinal Version
The Buddha's Perplexing Austerities in the Mahasihanada
Bring in the Jatakas
The Closing Section of the Patika
Conclusion
III. COMPOSING BUDDHIST SCRIPTURE THROUGH THE PLAY OF FORMULAS
5. The Play of Formulas: Toward a Theory of Composition for the Early Discourses
The Perils of Historicism in Buddhist Studies
Literary Solutions to Historicist Fallacies
The Primacy of the Formula
An Alternative Approach
The Play of Formulas and the Unanswered Questions
Playing with Formulas on Brahmin-Householders
Conclusion: Buddhist Orality Revisited
6. Re-telling the Buddha's Enlightenment in the Majjhima Nikaya
Awakening in the Bhayabherava-Sutta (The Discourse on Fear and Dread, MN 4)
The Dvedhavitakka-Sutta (The Discourse on Two Types of Thoughts, MN 19)
The Ariyapariyesana-Sutta (The Discourse on the Noble Search, MN 26)
The Mahasaccaka-Sutta (The Greater Discourse with Saccaka, MN 36)
The Bodhirajakumara-Sutta (The Discourse to Prince Bodhi, MN 85)
The Sangarava-Sutta (The Discourse to Sangarava, MN 100)
The Art of Narrative in the Sila-kkhandha-vagga I: The Brahmajala
Conclusion
7. Conclusion: The Play of Formulas and Meditative Practice
Bibliography

著者について: 

Eviatar Shulman teaches in the Departments for Religious Studies and Asian Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

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