The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics

ISBN : 9780198837459

Daniel Cozort; James Mark Shields
704 ページ
171 x 246 mm
Oxford Handbooks

Many forms of Buddhism, divergent in philosophy and style, emerged as Buddhism filtered out of India into other parts of Asia. Nonetheless, all of them embodied an ethical core that is remarkably consistent. Articulated by the historical Buddha in his first sermon, this moral core is founded on the concept of karma-that intentions and actions have future consequences for an individual-and is summarized as Right Speech, Right Action, and Right Livelihood, three of the elements of the Eightfold Path. Although they were later elaborated and interpreted in a multitude of ways, none of these core principles were ever abandoned. The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics provides a comprehensive overview of the field of Buddhist ethics in the twenty-first century. The Handbook discusses the foundations of Buddhist ethics focusing on karma and the precepts looking at abstinence from harming others, stealing, and intoxication. It considers ethics in the different Buddhist traditions and the similarities they share, and compares Buddhist ethics to Western ethics and the psychology of moral judgments. The volume also investigates Buddhism and society analysing economics, environmental ethics, and Just War ethics. The final section focuses on contemporary issues surrounding Buddhist ethics, including gender, sexuality, animal rights, and euthanasia. This groundbreaking collection offers an indispensable reference work for students and scholars of Buddhist ethics and comparative moral philosophy.


Daniel Cozort and James Mark Shields: Introduction
Part I: Foundations
1 Peter Harvey: Karma
2 Paul Groner: The Bodhisattva Precepts
3 Justin Whitaker and Douglass Smith: Ethics, Meditation, and Wisdom
Part II: Ethics and Buddhist Traditions
4 Martin T. Adams: Moral Development in Early Buddhist Literature
5 Charles S. Prebish: The Vinaya
6 Bhikkhu Analayo: Bhiksuni Ordination
7 Barbra Clayton: The Changing Way of the Bodhisattva
8 Bronwyn Finnegan: Madhyamaka Ethics
9 Michael Conway: Ethics in Pure Land Schools
10 Gene Reeves: A Perspective on Ethics in the Lotus Sutra
11 Christopher Ives: Ethics in Zen
12 Gareth Sparham: Tantric Ethics
13 Juliana Essen: Buddhist Ethics in South and Southeast Asia
14 Richard Madsen: East Asian Buddhist Ethics
15 Holly Gayley: Buddhist Ethics in Contemporary Tibet
Part III: Comparative Perspectives
16 Sīlavādin Meynard Vasen: Buddhist Ethics Compared to Western Ethics
17 Emily McRae: Buddhism and the Psychology of Moral Judgments
18 Dan Arnold: Buddhist Reductionism and the Logical Space of Reasons
Part IV: Buddhism and Society
19 Peter Harvey: The Buddhist Just Society
20 James Mark Shields: Buddhist Economics
21 Stephanie Kaza: Buddhist Environmental Ethics
22 Michael Jerryson: Buddhism, War, and Violence
23 Sallie B. King: The Ethics of Engaged Buddhism in Asia
24 Christopher Queen: The Ethics of Engaged Buddhism in the West
Part V: Contemporary Issues
25 Damien Keown: The Buddhist Basis for a Doctrine of Human Rights
26 Alice Collett: Buddhism and Women
27 Amy Paris Langenberg: Buddhism and Sexuality
28 Michael Barnhart: Buddhist Perspectives on Abortion and Reproduction
29 Damien Keown: Buddhism and Euthanasia
30 Martin Kovan: Suicide in Buddhist Ethics
31 Paul Waldau: Buddhism and Animal Rights


Daniel Cozort is Professor of Religion at Dickinson College. He is the author of Unique Tenets of the Middle Way Consequence School (Snow Lion Publications, 2013) and Highest Yoga Tantra (Snow Lion Publications, 2005).; James Mark Shields is Associate Professor of Comparative Humanities and Asian Thought at Bucknell University. His publications include Against Harmony: Progressive and Radical Buddhism in Modern Japan (Oxford University Press, 2017) and Critical Buddhism: Engaging with Modern Japanese Buddhist Thought (Ashgate, 2011).