OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Aristotle's Empiricism

ISBN : 9780197567456

参考価格(税込): 
¥11,396
著者: 
Marc Gasser-Wingate
ページ
272 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
140 x 210 mm
刊行日
2021年07月
メール送信
印刷

Aristotle is famous for thinking that all our knowledge comes from perception. But it's not immediately clear what this view is meant to entail. It's not clear, for instance, what perception is supposed to contribute to the more advanced forms of knowledge that derive from it. Nor is it clear how we should understand the nature of its contribution-what it might mean to say that these more advanced forms of knowledge are "derived from" or "based on" what we perceive. Aristotle is often thought to have disappointingly little to say on these matters. Gasser-Wingate makes the case that this thought is mistaken: a coherent and philosophically attractive view of perceptual knowledge can be found in the various texts in which Aristotle discusses perception's role in animal life, the cognitive resources on which it does and does not depend, and the relation it bears to practical and theoretical modes of understanding. Aristotle's Empiricism offers a sustained examination of these discussions and their epistemological, psychological, and ethical implications. It defends an interpretation of Aristotle as a moderate sort of empiricist, who thinks we can develop sophisticated forms of knowledge by broadly perceptual means-and that we therefore share an important part of our cognitive lives with nonrational animals-but also holds that our intellectual powers allow us to surpass these animals in certain ways and thereby develop distinctively human forms of understanding.

目次: 

1 Perception, Knowledge, and Understanding in Aristotle's Epistemology
2 Plato and Aristotle on Our Perceptual Beginnings
3 Understanding by Induction
4 Perception and Perceptual Contents
5 Perception, Experience, and Locomotion: Aristotle on Nonrational Learning
6 Perception in Aristotle's Ethics
7 Final Thoughts

著者について: 

Marc Gasser-Wingate is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Boston University.

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