George Berkeley and Early Modern Philosophy

ISBN : 9780192893895

Stephen H. Daniel
352 ページ
162 x 240 mm

Stephen Daniel presents a study of the philosophy of George Berkeley in the intellectual context of his times, with a particular focus on how, for Berkeley, mind is related to its ideas. Daniel does not assume that thinkers like Descartes, Malebranche, or Locke define for Berkeley the context in which he develops his own thought. Instead, he indicates how Berkeley draws on a tradition that informed his early training and that challenges much of the early modern thought with which he is often associated. Specifically, this book indicates how Berkeley's distinctive treatment of mind (as the activity whereby objects are differentiated and related to one another) highlights how mind neither precedes the existence of objects nor exists independently of them. This distinctive way of understanding the relation of mind and objects allows Berkeley to appropriate ideas from his contemporaries in ways that transform the issues with which he is engaged. The resulting insights-for example, about how God creates the minds that perceive objects-are only now starting to be fully appreciated.


Introduction: How Berkeley's Works Are Interpreted
1 Berkeley's Stoic Notion of Spiritual Substances
2 The Ramist Context of Berkeley's Philosophy
3 Berkeley, Suarez, and the Esse-Existere Distinction
4 Berkeley on Representation
5 Berkeley and Descartes on Mind
6 Berkeley and Hobbes
7 Berkeley and Arnauld on Ideas
8 Berkeley and Spinoza
9 Berkeley's Christian Neoplatonism and Malebranchean Divine Ideas
10 Berkeley and Malebranche on Human Freedom
11 Berkeley and Locke's Substance-Person Distinction
12 Berkeley's Appropriation of Bayle's Constitutive Skepticism
13 The Harmony of the Leibniz-Berkeley Juxtaposition
14 Berkeley on God
15 Berkeley's Pantheistic Discourse
16 Berkeley on God's Knowledge of Pain
17 Berkeley, Browne, and Collins: The Rejection of Divine Analogy
18 Berkeley, Edwards, and Ramist Logic
Appendix 1: Berkeley's Doctrine of Mind and the 'Black List Hypothesis': A Dialogue
Appendix 2: How Berkeley Redefines Substance: A Reply to My Critics


Stephen H. Daniel is Presidential Professor of Teaching Excellence and Professor of Philosophy at Texas A&M University. He has written five books, edited three others (two of which are on Berkeley), and published more than sixty articles on 17th- and 18th-century philosophy and on current continental theory. He has received numerous teaching awards, given presentations throughout North America, Europe, and Australia, and from 2006 to 2016 was president of the International Berkeley Society. He is also an avid kayaker and author of Texas Whitewater.