Reconsidering American Civil-Military Relations: The Military, Society, Politics, and Modern War

ISBN : 9780197535509

Lionel Beehner; Risa Brooks; Daniel Maurer
336 ページ
156 x 235 mm

This book explores contemporary civil-military relations in the United States. Much of the canonical literature on civil-military relations was either written during or references the Cold War, while other major research focuses on the post-Cold War era, or the first decade of the twenty-first century. A great deal has changed since then. This book considers the implications for civil-military relations of many of these changes. Specifically, it focuses on factors such as breakdowns in democratic and civil-military norms and conventions; intensifying partisanship and deepening political divisions in American society; as well as new technology and the evolving character of armed conflict. Chapters are organized around the principal actors in civil-military relations, and the book includes sections on the military, civilian leadership, and the public. It explores the roles and obligations of each. The book also examines how changes in contemporary armed conflict influence civil-military relations. Chapters in this section examine the cyber domain, grey zone operations, asymmetric warfare and emerging technology. The book thus brings the study of civil-military relations into the contemporary era, in which new geopolitical realities and the changing character of armed conflict combine with domestic political tensions to test, if not potentially redefine, those relations.


Foreword, Peter D. Feaver
Introduction, Lionel Beehner and Daniel Maurer
Section I: The Military's Roles and Responsibilities
1. The Paradoxes of Huntingtonian Professionalism, Risa A. Brooks
2. Civil-military relations Norms and Democracy: What Every Citizen Should Know, Marybeth P. Ulrich
3. Dissents and Sensibility: Conflicting Loyalties, Democracy, and Civil-Military Relations, Michael A. Robinson, Lindsay P. Cohn, and Max Z. Margulies
Section II: The Civilian Leadership's Roles and Responsibilities
4. Civilian Oversight Inside the Pentagon: Who Does It and How?, Mara Karlin
5. Who has Skin in the Game? The Implications of an Operational Reserve for Civil-Military Relations, Jessica Blankshain
6. Militarized Ministries of Defense? Placing the Military Experience of Secretaries of Defense in a Comparative Context, Peter B. White
Section III: The Public's Role and Responsibilities
7. A Matter of Trust: Five Pitfalls that Could Squander the American Public's Confidence in the Military, Heidi A. Urben and James T. Golby
8. Confidence Without Sacrifice: American Public Opinion and the U.S. Military, David T. Burbach
9. When an Immovable Object Meets an Irresistible Force: Military Popularity and Affective Partisanship, Jonathan D. Caverley
10. Crisis in the Civil-Military Triangle?, William E. Rapp
Section IV: Modern War and Civil-Military Relations
11. Light Footprint, Low Profile, Low Information: Civil-Military Relations and the 2017 Niger Attacks, Alice Hunt Friend
12. The Civil-Military Implications of Emerging Technology, Risa A. Brooks
13. Cyber Operations, Legal Secrecy, and Civil-Military Relations, Dakota S. Rudesill
14. U.S. Civil Military Relations in the Gray Zone, Sarah Sewall
Conclusion, Risa A. Brooks


Lionel Beehner is an International Affairs Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and formerly Research Director and Assistant Professor at West Point's Modern War Institute. Risa Brooks is Allis Chalmers Associate Professor of Political Science at Marquette University, where she specializes in the study of civil-military relations and political violence. She is also a non-resident senior associate in the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington D.C. and an Adjunct Scholar at West Point's Modern War Institute. Daniel Maurer is Assistant Professor of Law at the United States Military Academy and Fellow with West Point's Modern War Institute, where he focuses on the intersection of civil-military relations and military justice. He is also a Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army, and a judge advocate. He has served in Iraq twice, first as a combat engineer platoon leader and later a brigade's senior legal advisor.