OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Neurocognitive Mechanisms: Explaining Biological Cognition

ISBN : 9780198866282

参考価格(税込): 
¥14,608
著者: 
Gualtiero Piccinini
ページ
416 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 234 mm
刊行日
2020年10月
メール送信
印刷

In Neurocognitive Mechanisms Gualtiero Piccinini presents the most systematic, rigorous, and comprehensive philosophical defence to date of the computational theory of cognition. His view posits that cognition involves neural computation within multilevel neurocognitive mechanisms, and includes novel ideas about ontology, functions, neural representation, neural computation, and consciousness. He begins by defending an ontologically egalitarian account of composition and realization, according to which all levels are equally real. He then explicates multiple realizability and mechanisms within this ontologically egalitarian framework, defends a goal-contribution account of teleological functions, and defends a mechanistic version of functionalism. This provides the foundation for a mechanistic account of computation, which in turn clarifies the ways in which the computational theory of cognition is a multilevel mechanistic theory supported by contemporary cognitive neuroscience. Piccinini argues that cognition is computational at least in a generic sense. He defends the computational theory of cognition from standard objections, yet also rebuts putative a priori arguments. He contends that the typical vehicles of neural computations are representations, and that, contrary to the received view, the representations posited by the computational theory of cognition are observable and manipulatable in the laboratory. He also contends that neural computations are neither digital nor analog; instead, neural computations are sui generis. He concludes by investigating the relation between computation and consciousness, suggesting that consciousness may be a functional phenomenon without being computational in nature. This book will be of interest to philosophers of cognitive science as well as neuroscientists.

目次: 

1 Levels of Being
2 Mechanisms, Multiple Realizability, and Medium Independence
3 Functional Mechanisms
4 Mechanistic Functionalism
5 The First Computational Theory of Cognition: McCulloch and Pitts's A Logical Calculus of the Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity
6 Computation and Information Processing
7 Mechanistic Models of Cognition: From Autonomy to Integration
8 The Cognitive Neuroscience Revolution
9 The Computational Theory of Cognition
10 The Church-Turing Fallacy
11 The Resilience of the Computational Theory of Cognition
12 Neural Representation
13 Neural Computation
14 Computation and the Function of Consciousness

著者について: 

Gualtiero Piccinini is Curators' Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and Associate Director of the Center for Neurodynamics at the University of Missouri - St. Louis. In 2014, he received the Herbert A. Simon Award from the International Association for Computing and Philosophy. In 2018, he received the K. Jon Barwise Prize from the American Philosophical Association. In 2019, he received the Chancellor's Award for Research and Creativity from University of Missouri - St. Louis. His publications include Physical Computation: A Mechanistic Account (Oxford University Press, 2015).

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