OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

ISBN : 9780190923280

参考価格(税込): 
¥16,984
著者: 
Chris Heffer
ページ
352 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2020年10月
メール送信
印刷

In a postfactual world in which claims are often held to be true only to the extent that they confirm pre-existing or partisan beliefs, this book asks crucial questions: how can we identify the many forms of untruthfulness in discourse? How can we know when their use is ethically wrong? How can we judge untruthfulness in the messiness of situated discourse? Drawing on pragmatics, philosophy, psychology, and law, All Bullshit and Lies? develops a comprehensive framework for analyzing untruthful discourse in situated context. TRUST, or Trust-related Untruthfulness in Situated Text, sees untruthfulness as encompassing not only deliberate manipulations of what is believed to be true (the insincerity of withholding, misleading, and lying) but also the distortions that arise from an irresponsible attitude towards the truth (dogma, distortion, and bullshit). Chris Heffer discusses times when truth is not " as in jokes or fiction, as well as instances when concealing the truth can achieve a greater good. The TRUST framework demonstrates that untruthfulness becomes unethical in discourse, though, when it unjustifiably breaches the trust an interlocutor invests in the speaker. In addition to the theoretical framework, this book provides a clear, practical heuristic for analyzing discursive untruthfulness and applies it to such cases of public discourse as the Brexit " Trump's tweet about voter fraud, Blair and Bush's claims about weapons of mass destruction, and the multiple forms of untruthfulness associated with the Skripal poisoning case. In All Bullshit and Lies? Chris Heffer turns a critical eye to fundamental questions of truthfulness and trust in our society. This timely and interdisciplinary investigation of discourse provides readers a deeper theoretical understanding of untruthfulness in a postfactual world.

目次: 

Acknowledgments
Preface: On Epistemic Partisanship and Trust
INTRODUCTION
PART 1: THEORETICAL UNDERPINNINGS
1 Trust, Co-operation and Insincerity
2 Bullshit, Inquiry and Irresponsibility
PART 2: THE TRUST FRAMEWORK
3 Claims of and Evidence for Untruthfulness
4 Justified Untruthfulness
5 Insincere Discourse Strategies
6 Epistemically Irresponsible Discourse
7 Culpability and Breach of Trust
PART 3: CASE STUDIES
8 Discourse and Democracy: The TRUST Heuristic and Sample Analyses
9 Poisoning and Partisanship: An Analysis of the Salisbury Nerve Agent Attack
CONCLUSION
References.

著者について: 

Chris Heffer is Reader in Linguistics in the School of English, Communication, and Philosophy at Cardiff University. He is the author of The Language of Jury Trial (2005) and editor of Legal-Lay Communication: Textual Travels in the Law (OUP 2013).

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