Powerful Patriots: Nationalist Protest in China's Foreign Relations

ISBN : 9780199387564

Jessica Chen Weiss
360 ページ
167 x 233 mm

Why has the Chinese government sometimes allowed and sometimes repressed nationalist, anti-foreign protests? What have been the international consequences of these choices? Anti-American demonstrations were permitted in 1999 but repressed in 2001 during two crises in US-China relations. Anti-Japanese protests were tolerated in 1985, 2005, and 2012 but banned in 1990 and 1996. Protests over Taiwan, the issue of greatest concern to Chinese nationalists, have never been allowed. To explain this variation in China's response to nationalist mobilization, Powerful Patriots argues that Chinese and other authoritarian leaders weigh both diplomatic and domestic incentives to allow and repress nationalist protests. Autocrats may not face electoral constraints, but anti-foreign protests provide an alternative mechanism by which authoritarian leaders can reveal their vulnerability to public pressure. Because nationalist protests are costly to repress and may turn against the government, allowing protests demonstrates resolve and increases the domestic cost of diplomatic concessions. Repressing protests, by contrast, sends a credible signal of reassurance, facilitating diplomatic flexibility and signaling a willingness to spend domestic political capital for the sake of international cooperation. To illustrate the logic, the book traces the effect of domestic and diplomatic factors in China's management of nationalist protest in the post-Mao era (1978-2012) and the consequences for China's foreign relations.


Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Nationalist Protest and Authoritarian Diplomacy
Chapter 3 Anti-American Protest and U.S.-China Crisis Diplomacy
Chapter 4 The 1985 Anti-Japan Protests and Sino-Japanese Relations in the 1980s
Chapter 5 Protests Repressed: Sino-Japanese Relations in the 1990s
Chapter 6 The 2005 Anti-Japan Protests and Sino-Japanese Relations in the 2000s
Chapter 7 Protests Restrained: Repairing Sino-Japanese Relations (2006-2010) and the 2010 Trawler Collision
Chapter 8 The 2012 Anti-Japan Protests and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands Purchase
Chapter 9 Conclusion


Jessica Chen Weiss is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Yale University and Research Fellow at the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies. Her research interests include Chinese politics and international relations, nationalism, and social protest. Her research has appeared in International Organization and has been supported by the National Science Foundation, Princeton-Harvard China & The World Program, Bradley Foundation, Fulbright-Hays program, and the University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation. The dissertation on which this book is based won the 2009 APSA Helen Dwight Reid Award. Before joining the Yale faculty, she founded FACES, the Forum for American/Chinese Exchange at Stanford, while an undergraduate at Stanford. She teaches courses on China's foreign relations, state-society relations in post-Mao China, and anti-Americanism in world politics.