ISBN : 9780199365166
From the first stock markets of Amsterdam,London, and New York to the billions of electronic commerce transactions today, privately produced and enforced economic regulations are more common, more effective, and more promising than commonly considered. In Private Governance, prominent economist Edward Stringham presents case studies of the various forms of private enforcement, self-governance, or self-regulation among private groups or individuals that fill a void that government enforcement cannot. Through analytical narratives the book provides a close examination of the world's first stock markets, key elements of which were unenforceable by law; the community of Celebration, Florida, and other private communities that show how public goods can be bundled with land and provided more effectively; and the millions of credit-card transactions that occur daily and are regulated by private governance. Private Governance ultimately argues that while potential problems of private governance, such as fraud, are pervasive, so are the solutions it presents, and that much of what is orderly in the economy can be attributed to private groups and individuals. With meticulous research, Stringham demonstrates that private governance is a far more common source of order than most people realize, and that private parties have incentives to devise different mechanisms for eliminating unwanted behavior. Private Governance documents numerous examples of private order throughout history to illustrate how private governance is more resilient to internal and external pressure than is commonly believed. Stringham discusses why private governance has economic and social advantages over relying on government regulations and laws, and explores the different mechanisms that enable private governance, including sorting, reputation, assurance, and other bonding mechanisms. Challenging and rigorously-written, Private Governance will make a compelling read for those with an interest in economics, political philosophy, and the history of current Wall Street regulations.
Why private governance?
2. Beyond the deus ex machina theory of law
3. Rules from voluntary associations as an alternative to coercive ones: Governance as a club good
Privately governed markets in history and modern times
4. Markets without enforcement: Reciprocity and reputation mechanisms in the world's first stock market
5. The evolution of rules in exclusive clubs: From coffeehouses to the London Stock Exchange
6. Markets creating transparency: Competing listing and disclosure requirements from the Big Board in New York to the Alternative Investment Market in London
7. How technologically advanced markets can work even when fraud is "legal": Ex ante risk management by PayPal and other intermediaries
8. Bundling governance with bricks and mortar: Private policing in colleges, in California, North Carolina, and beyond
9. The most personal form of private governance: Individual self-governance
10. When third party review is ": Adjudication by contract
11. Does private governance work in the most complex markets? Successful risk management on Wall Street even in the wake of the 2008 economic downturn
Lessons of private governance
12. The relationship between public and private governance: Does the state help or crowd out good governance?
13. Applying Hayek's insights about discovery and spontaneous order to governance
14. The unseen beauty that underpins markets