Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health

ISBN : 9780199362219

Ellen L. Idler
464 ページ
162 x 234 mm

Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is an increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack of education, income inequality, poor working conditions, or experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has, until now, largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the life conditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions, the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been an invisible determinant. Some health-determining influence flows through people's participation in religious practices and affiliation with mosques, synagogues, and churches. Some of it flows through lifestyle factors associated with religious observance. Some comes from relationships between religious institutions and institutions of public health and medical care. Some comes from the role religious institutions play in their communities, and in providing help for those in need and leveraging social capital. A groundbreaking work, Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health explores the complex, multifaceted role of faith traditions and public health in throughout history, today, in in the future.


Preface: Religious Literacy is a Twenty-First-Century Skill - Ellen Idler and Laurie Patton
Chapter 1. Religion: The Invisible Social Determinant - Ellen Idler
Part I. Public Health in the Practices of the World's Faith Traditions
Daily Religious Practices
Chapter 2. Refuge Meditation in Contemporary Buddhism - Geshe Lobsang Tenzin Negi and Brendan Ozawa-de Silva
Chapter 3. Taiji (T'ai-chi) in Taoism - Eric Reinders
Chapter 4. Veiling in Islam: A Western Feminist Outsider's Perspective - Kathryn M. Yount
Chapter 5. Vegetarianism in Seventh-day Adventism - George H. Grant and Jose Montenegro
Weekly Religious Practices
Chapter 6. The Eucharist in Roman Catholicism - Phillip M. Thompson
Chapter 7. Congregational Hymn Singing in Mainline Protestantism - Don E. Saliers
Annual Religious Practices
Chapter 8. Hatsumode, or Visitation of Shinto Shrines: Religion and Culture in the Japanese Context - Chikako Ozawa-da Silva
Chapter 9. Fasting in Islam - Abdullahi An-Na'im
One-Time Religious Practices
Chapter 10. Circumcision in Judaism: The Sign of the Covenant - Don Seeman
Chapter 11. Puberty Rites in African Religious Traditions: Kloyo Peemi - Emmanuel Yartekwei Amugi Lartey
Chapter 12. Baptism by Immersion in Latin American Evangelical Pentecostalism: The Santa Cruz Case - L. Wesley de Souza
Chapter 13. Cremation Rites in Hinduism - Bhagirath Majmudar
Part II. Religion in the History of Public Health
Chapter 14. Christian Commitment to Public Well-Being: John Wesley's "Sensible Regimen" and "Primitive Physick" - Karen D. Scheib
Chapter 15. US Public Health Reform Movements and the Social Gospel - John Blevins
Chapter 16. Anthony Comstock: A Religious Fundamentalist's Negative Impact on Reproductive Health - Lynn Hogue and Carol Hogue
Part III. Religion and Public Health across the Life Course
Chapter 17. Religion and Reproductive Health - Laurie M. Gaydos and Patricia Z. Page
Chapter 18. Religion and Physical Health from Childhood to Old Age - Ellen Idler
Chapter 19. Religion, Spirituality, and Mental Health: Toward a Preventive Model Based on the Cultivation of Basic Human Values - Brendan Ozawa-de Silva
Part IV. Religion and Public Health across the Globe
Chapter 20. Religion and Global Public Health - Peter J. Brown
Chapter 21. The Christian Medical Commission and the World Health Organization - Matthew Bersagel Braley
Chapter 22. Ingenious Institutions: Religious Origins of Health and Development Organizations - Ellen Idler
Chapter 23. Mapping Religious Resources for Health: The African Religious Health Assets Programme - James R. Cochrane, Deborah McFarland, and Gary R. Gunderson
Part V. Religion and Three Public Health Challenges of Our Time
Chapter 24. HIV/AIDS - Safiya George Dalmida and Sandra Thurman
Chapter 25. Influenza Pandemic - Mimi Kiser and Scott Santibanez
Chapter 26. Alzheimer's Disease and Dementias - Kenneth Hepburn and Theodore Johnson
Conclusion: Religion's Role as a Social Determinant of Twenty-First-Century Health:
Perspectives from the Disciplines - Paul Wolpe, Walter Burnett, and Ellen Idler


Ellen Idler, Director of the Religion and Public Health Collaborative at Emory University, is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Sociology, and holds a joint appointment in Epidemiology in the Rollins School of Public Health. She is a Fellow of the Gerontological Society of America, and the author of Cohesiveness and Coherence: Religion and the Health of the Elderly and The Hidden Health Care System.