The Confucian-Legalist State: A New Theory of Chinese History

ISBN : 9780199351732

Dingxin Zhao
472 ページ
156 x 235 mm

The Confucian-Legalist State analyzes the history of China between the 11th century BCE and 1911 under the guidance of a new theory of social change. It centers on two questions. First, how and why China was unified and developed into a bureaucratic empire under the state of Qin in 221 BCE? Second, how was it that, until the nineteenth century, the political and cultural structure of China that was institutionalized during the Western Han dynasty (206 BCE - 8 CE) showed great resilience, despite great changes in demography, socioeconomic structure, ethnic composition, market relations, religious landscapes, technology, and in other respects brought by rebellions or nomadic conquests? In addressing these two questions, author Dingxin Zhao also explains numerous other historical patterns of China, including but not limited to the nature of ancient China's interstate relations, the logics behind the rising importance of imperil Confucianism during the Western Han dynasty and behind the formation of Neo-Confucian society during the Song dynasty (960-1279 CE), the changing nature of China's religious ecology under the age of Buddhism and Neo-Confucianism, the pattern of interactions between nomads and sedentary Chinese empires, the rise and dominance of civilian government, and China's inability to develop industrial capitalism without the coercion of Western imperialism.


A Disclaimer
Part I. Empirical and Theoretical Considerations
Chapter 1: A Theory of Historical Change
Part II. The Historical Background of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty
Chapter 2: The Western Zhou (ca. 1045-771 BCE) Order and Its Decline
Chapter 3: The Historical Setting of Eastern Zhou, an Age of War
Part III. War-driven Dynamism in Eastern Zhou
Chapter 4: The Age of Hegemons (770-546 BCE)
Chapter 5: The Age of Transition (545-420 BCE)
Chapter 6: In the Age of Total War (419-221 BCE): (1) Philosophies and
Chapter 7: In the Age of Total War: (2) Absolutism Prevailing
Chapter 8: In the Age of Total War: (3) Qin and the Drive toward Unification
Chapter 9: Western Han and the Advent of the Confucian-Legalist State
Part IV. The Confucian-Legalist State and Patterns of Chinese History
Chapter 10: Pre-Song Challenges to the Confucian-Legalist
Political Framework and Song Responses
Chapter 11: Relations between Nomads and Settled Chinese in History
Chapter 12: Neo-Confucianism and the Advent of a "
Chapter 13: Market Economy under the Confucian-Legalist State
Concluding Remarks


Dingxin Zhao is Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago and the author of several books, including the award-winning Power of Tiananmen (University of Chicago Press, 2001).