ISBN : 9780199337095
This is the first volume of original commissioned papers on the subject of Newton and empiricism. The chapters, contributed by a leading team of both established and younger international scholars, explore the nature and extent of Newton's relationship to a variety of empiricisms and empiricists. Among the many significant contributions of the volume are a detailed engagement with Newton's optical writings, a careful contextualization of Newton's methods in seventeenth century context, a critical analysis of the ways in which Locke and Hume responded to Newton, and a history of the reception of Newton's methods in astronomy.
I. The Roots of Newton's Experimental Method
1. Stephen Gaukroger (Aberdeen & Sydney): "Empiricism as a Development of Experimental Natural Philosophy"
2. Dana Jalobeanu (Bucharest): "Constructing Natural Historical Facts: Baconian Methodology in Newton's First Paper on Light and Colors"
3. Philippe Hamou (Universite de Lille III): "Colorific Properties, Visual Sensation and Method in Newton's Opticks"
II. Newton and "Empiricist" Philosophers
4.Lisa Downing (Ohio State): "Locke's Metaphysics and Newtonian Metaphysics"
5. Geoff Gorham & Ed Slowik. "Locke and Newton on Space and Time and their Sensible Measures"
6. Yoram Hazony (Shalem Institute): "Hume's Attack on Newton: A Reappraisal"
7. Tamas Demeter (Max Planck Institute): "Enlarging the Bounds of Moral Philosophy: Newton's Method and Hume's Science of Man"
III. Newtonian Method in 18th and 18th-Century Science
8. Tammy Nyden (Grinnel College): "Living Force at Leiden: De Volder, 's Gravesande and the Reception of Newtonianism"
9. Charles Wolfe (Sydney): "On the role of Newtonian analogies in eighteenth-century life science: Vitalism and provisionally inexplicable explicative devices"
10. George Smith (Tufts): "Closing the Loop: Testing Newtonian Gravity, Then and Now"