Newton and Empiricism

ISBN : 9780199337095

Zvi Biener; Eric Schliesser
384 ページ
162 x 242 mm

This is the first volume of original commissioned papers on the subject of Newton and empiricism. The chapters, contributed by a leading team of both established and younger international scholars, explore the nature and extent of Newton's relationship to a variety of empiricisms and empiricists. Among the many significant contributions of the volume are a detailed engagement with Newton's optical writings, a careful contextualization of Newton's methods in seventeenth century context, a critical analysis of the ways in which Locke and Hume responded to Newton, and a history of the reception of Newton's methods in astronomy.


I. The Roots of Newton's Experimental Method
1. Stephen Gaukroger (Aberdeen & Sydney): "Empiricism as a Development of Experimental Natural Philosophy"
2. Dana Jalobeanu (Bucharest): "Constructing Natural Historical Facts: Baconian Methodology in Newton's First Paper on Light and Colors"
3. Philippe Hamou (Universite de Lille III): "Colorific Properties, Visual Sensation and Method in Newton's Opticks"
II. Newton and "Empiricist" Philosophers
4.Lisa Downing (Ohio State): "Locke's Metaphysics and Newtonian Metaphysics"
5. Geoff Gorham & Ed Slowik. "Locke and Newton on Space and Time and their Sensible Measures"
6. Yoram Hazony (Shalem Institute): "Hume's Attack on Newton: A Reappraisal"
7. Tamas Demeter (Max Planck Institute): "Enlarging the Bounds of Moral Philosophy: Newton's Method and Hume's Science of Man"
III. Newtonian Method in 18th and 18th-Century Science
8. Tammy Nyden (Grinnel College): "Living Force at Leiden: De Volder, 's Gravesande and the Reception of Newtonianism"
9. Charles Wolfe (Sydney): "On the role of Newtonian analogies in eighteenth-century life science: Vitalism and provisionally inexplicable explicative devices"
10. George Smith (Tufts): "Closing the Loop: Testing Newtonian Gravity, Then and Now"


Zvi Biener is an assistant professor at the University of Cincinnati. His research concerns the unity of science in early modernity, particularly early-modern views on reduction, the interdependence of branches of knowledge, and the metaphysical underpinnings of the mathematical sciences. Eric Schliesser is BOF Research Professor at Ghent University. He has published widely in early modern philosophy and the sciences, especially Spinoza, Newton, Hume, Adam Smith, and Sophie de Grouchy as well as philosophy of economics.