OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Infectious Microbe

ISBN : 9780199329618

参考価格(税込): 
¥5,225
著者: 
Bill Firshein
関連カテゴリー
ページ
176 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
162 x 236 mm
刊行日
2014年02月
メール送信
印刷

Of the almost innumerable interactions between science and humanity, few are as central or as significant as microorganisms. These single-celled "complete" living organisms are intimately involved with life and must be taken into account in many ways when considering the welfare and health of the public. Though microorganisms have major impacts on many chemical and ecological processes, they are most often recognized for their ability to cause serious and sometimes fatal diseases. From diseases caused by bacteria like pneumonia, tuberculosis, anthrax, meningitis, typhoid, and bubonic plague, to diseases caused by viruses like HIV, polio, yellow fever, hepatitis, and influenza, humanity has struggled to cope with their rapidly changing capabilities. This book is a response to current confusion and misunderstanding of microbes amongst the general public; written in narrative form, it will allow readers to better understand the scientific concepts and terminology of how microbial or viral diseases are caused, to ask intelligent questions about the impact of such diseases on our wellbeing, and to comprehend reports about disease outbreaks that flood the media. Following several introductory chapters that introduce the microbe, its history, and the necessary fundamental chemical and biological concepts, the heart of the book describes in great detail six critical microbial and viral diseases that plague our world and how each of them illustrates the basic characteristics of infection. Each of these six diseases follows the same path-invasion, internal spread, toxin effects, and excretion-and an understanding of the pathogenicity of each will provide readers with a better understanding of the fascinating scientific relationship between man and virus, human and microbe, and how to live with or defeat them.

目次: 

PREFACE
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE INFECTIOUS MICROBE
A. The Scope of Microbial Life and Infectious Diseases
B. What Is a Pathogen?
C. The Relationship Between a Pathogen and the Host It Infects Is Complex and Varied
D. Susceptibility and Virulence Factors Are Closely Related
E. Major Groups of Pathogens Are Found Throughout the Microbial World
CHAPTER II. FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY HELP UNDERSTAND PATHOGENICITY
A. Genetics: The Nature of the Gene and Its Chemical Structure (DNA)
B. Metabolism Consists of Chemical Reactions Without Which Life Would Not Exist
C. Biological Catalysts (Enzymes) Mediate Every Chemical Reaction in the Cell
D. Genes Control the Synthesis and Expression of Enzymes (Which Are Proteins) and Hence Control the Functioning of the Cell
E. The Mechanism of Protein Synthesis Involves a Complex Series of Metabolic Reactions and Cellular Organelles Starting with DNA, a Related Macromolecule, RNA, and the Ribosome (the Protein Synthesizing Factory)
F. Gene Expression is Tightly Regulated to Economize and Preserve Cell Integrity
G. Genetic Modifications in the Process of Gene Expression in Microbes Are Varied and Complex. They Include Mutations, Transfer Transformation (Recombination) of Genes From One Cell to Another, and Many Other Variations of These Events
H. Modern Technologies
CHAPTER III. HISTORY OF MICROBIOLOGY
A. Voices in the Wilderness
B. The Golden Age and Modern Era
CHAPTER IV. EMERGING AND REEMERGING DISEASES
A. Introduction
B. Definitions
C. Examples of Each
D. Role of Antibiotics
CHAPTER V. CASE HISTORIES
A. Introduction: Why Are the Following Examples Chosen?
B. HIV-AIDS - The Plague That Threatens Modern Society
1) Origins
2) Characteristics
3) Versatility
4) Structure of Genome
5) Treatment
6) Course of Infection
7) Conclusions
C. Tuberculosis - The White Plague, Ancient, But Still Lethal
1) Introduction
2) Description
3) Pathogenicity
4) Testing and Virulence Factors
5) Treatment
D. Streptococci and Staphylococci: More Intimacy Than We Desire
1) Introduction
2) General Descriptions
3) Staphylococci
4) Toxins
5) Staph Diseases
6) Treatment
7) Streptococci
8) Toxins
9) Other Streptococci
E. Ulcers and Helicobacter - The Uncommon Pathogen
1) Introduction
2) The Organism
3) The Disease
4) Pathogenicity
5) Toxins
6) Treatment
F. Cholera - A Pretty Nasty Beast
1) Introduction
2) The Organism
3) Pathogencity
4) Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment of Cholera
5) The Agony of Haiti
6) Conclusions
G. Influenza - Bird Flu, Swine Flu and All That Jazz
1) Introduction
2) The Virus and Pathogenicity
3) Spread, Prevention and Treatment
4) Conclusion
CHAPTER VI. BIOFILMS: CITY OF MICROBES AND THEIR ROLE IN PATHOGENCITY
A. Introduction
B. Biofilms and Infectious Diseases
CHAPTER VII. BIOLOGICAL TERRORISM - MYTHS AND REALITIES
A. Introduction
B. Historical Perspective
C. Bioterrorism Today: State of the Art and Preparedness
D. Conclusions
GLOSSARY
A. Scientists
B. Definitions
PHOTO CREDITS

著者について: 

Bill Firshein is professor and chair of the biology department at Wesleyan University.

このページに掲載の「参考価格」は日本国内における希望小売価格です。当ウェブサイトでのご購入に対して特別価格が適用される場合、販売価格は「割引価格」として表示されます。なお、価格は予告なく変更されることがございますので、あらかじめご了承ください。