OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Women in Early Indian Buddhism: Comparative Textual Studies

ISBN : 9780199326044

参考価格(税込): 
¥12,628
著者: 
Alice Collett
ページ
288 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
163 x 236 mm
刊行日
2013年10月
シリーズ
South Asia Research
メール送信
印刷

The path of practice as taught in ancient India by Gotama Buddha was open to both women and men. The texts of early Indian Buddhism show that women were lay followers of the Buddha and were also granted the right to ordain and become nuns. Certain women were known as influential teachers of men and women alike and considered experts in certain aspects of Gotama's dhamma. For this to occur in an ancient religion practiced within traditional societies is really quite extraordinary. This is apparent especially in light of the continued problems experienced by practitioners of many religions today involved in challenging instilled norms and practices and conferring the status of any high office upon women. In this collection, Alice Collett brings together a sampling of the plethora of Buddhist texts from early Indian Buddhism in which women figure centrally. It is true that there are negative conceptualizations of and attitudes towards women expressed in early Buddhist texts, but for so many texts concerning women to have been composed, collated and preserved is worthy of note. The simple fact that the Buddhist textual record names so many nuns and laywomen, and preserves biographies of them, attests to a relatively positive situation for women at that time. With the possible exception of the reverence accorded Egyptian queens, there is no textual record of named women from an ancient civilization that comes close to that of early Indian Buddhism. This volume offers comparative study of texts in five different languages - Gandhari, Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese and Sinhala. Each chapter is a study and translation, with some chapters focusing more on translation and some more on comparisons between parallel and similar texts, whilst others are more discursive and thematic.

目次: 

CONTRIBUTORS
A NOTE ON NON-ENGLISH WORDS
ABBREVIATIONS
INTRODUCTION
1. -The Bajaur Collection of Kharosthi Manuscripts
MAHAPRAJAPATI GAUTAMI AND THE ORDER OF NUNS IN A GANDHARAN VERSION OF THE DAKSINAVIBHANGASUTRA
2. -The British Library Kharosthi Fragments
BEHIND THE BIRCH BARK CURTAIN
PALI VINAYA
RE-CONCEPTUALIZING FEMALE SEXUALITY IN EARLY BUDDHISM
MAHASAMGHIKA-LOKOTTARAVADA BHIKSUNI VINAYA
THE INTERSECTION OF WOMANLY VIRTUE AND BUDDHIST ASCETICISM
ANGUTTARA-NIKAYA / EKOTTARIKA-AGAMA
OUTSTANDING BHIKKHUNIS IN THE EKOTTARIKA-AGAMA
SAMYUTTA-NIKYA / SAMYUKTA-AGAMA
DEFYING MARA - BHIKKHUNIS IN THE SAMYUKTA-AGAMA
THERIGATHA
NANDA, FEMALE SIBLING OF THE BUDDHA
APADANA: THERI-APADANA
WIVES OF THE SAINTS: MARRIAGE AND KAMMA IN THE PATH TO ARAHANTSHIP
AVADANASATAKA
THE ROLE OF BRAHMANICAL MARRIAGE IN A BUDDHIST TEXT
DHAMMAPADA- ATTHAKATHA/SADDHARMARATNAVALIYA
WOMEN IN MEDIEVAL SOUTH ASIAN BUDDHIST SOCIETIES
BIBLIOGRAPHY

著者について: 

Alice Collett is a Fellow of the Arts and Humanities Council of Great Britain (AHRC) and Lecturer at York St John University. She has worked in different universities in North America and the UK, and published several articles on women in early Indian Buddhism, including two which look at reception history and review the modern scholarly debate on the subject. She is currently working on a monograph entitled Pali Biographies of Buddhist Nuns, for which she is in receipt of an Arts and Humanities Research Council award.

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