OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

ISBN : 9780199250530

参考価格(税込): 
¥42,911
著者: 
Maurice Wright
ページ
648 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
158 x 237 mm
刊行日
2002年04月
メール送信
印刷

This controversial and authoritative account of budget-making and budgetary politics, the author traces the origins and development of Japan's present crisis. In a detailed analysis of the institutions, structures, and processes of central government, the author explains how decisions were made about how much to spend and on what in the central budget and the Fiscal and Investment Loan Programme - the so-called 'second budget'. Wright shows who and what won and lost and why, explains the informal policy and behavioral rules-of-the-game by which the conduct of the main players was regulated, and compares Japan's fiscal performance with the UK and other G7 countries. It challenges the orthodoxy that a dominant and dominating Ministry of Finance (MOF) implemented tough policies of retrenchment in the 1980s. The appearance of fiscal discipline was not matched by the reality of too much spending, too few revenues, and heavy borrowing. MOF not only failed to restore a balanced budget, it was unable to achieve most of its short and long-term fiscal objectives during the last quarter of the 20th Century. Unravelling the complexity and opacity of the budgetary system, the author shows how MOF officials exploited it to foster an illusion of control. Through adroit manipulation of off-budget sources, and by fiscal sleight-of-hand, MOF was able to deliver an expanding supply of budget benefits to the ruling Liberal Democratic party, and the means to finance the growth and maintenance of a 'Public Works State'.

目次: 

1. Introduction
2. The Origins of the Fiscal Crisis
PART I: THE CONTEXT OF JAPANESE BUDGETING
3. The Politico-Economic Context
4. Administrative Reform
5. Politicians and Bureaucrats in the Policy-making Processes
PART II: INSTITUTIONS, STRUCTURES AND ACTORS
6. The Spending Ministries and Agencies
7. Ministerial Autonomy and Territorial Boundaries: Co-ordination, Competition and Conflict in the Policy-making Processes
8. The Ministry of Finance
9. MOF's Elite Administrators
10. The LDP's Policy-making Structures
11. Budget Institutions and Structures
12. The 'Second Budget': The Fiscal Investment Loan Programme
PART III: INTERACTIONS
13. Budget Objectives and Policies
14. Economic Forecasts and Fiscal Projections
15. Budget Strategy, Guidelines and Ceilings
16. The Budget Processes in the Spending Ministries
17. The Budget Bureau's Hearings, Examination and Negotiations
18. Rules-of-the-Game: Managing Relations with the Spending Ministries
19. Making the FILP Budget
20. The Role and Influence of the LDP in the Budgetary Processes
PART IV: THE OUTPUTS OF THE BUDGETARY PROCESSES
21. Who Wins, Who Loses?
22. Cuts and Squeezes in the Bureaucracy
23. A 'Public Works State'
24. Winning and Losing in the FILP Budget
PART V: EFFECTS AND EFFECTIVENESS
25. Fiscal Reconstruction: 'Smoke and Mirrors'
26. Deficits and Debts
27. Japan's Fiscal Performance in an International Context
28. FILP Under Stress
29. Coping with Fiscal Stress
30. Budget Institutions, Deficits and Debts

著者について: 

Maurice Wright, Director of the Japan Centre, University of Manchester

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