Securing the World Economy: The Reinvention of the League of Nations, 1920-1946

ISBN : 9780198766483

Patricia Clavin
416 ページ
156 x 234 mm

Securing the World Economy explains how efforts to support global capitalism became a core objective of the League of Nations. Based on new research drawn together from archives on three continents, it explores how the world's first ever inter-governmental organization confronted the powerful forces that influenced the global economy, and the prospects for peace. It traces how the League was drawn into economics and finance by the exigencies of the financial slump and hyperinflation after the First World War, when it provided essential financial support to Austria, Hungary, Greece, Bulgaria, and Estonia, and thereby established the founding principles of financial intervention, international oversight, and the twentieth-century notion of international 'development'. But it is the impact of the Great Depression after 1929 that lies at the heart of this history. Patricia Clavin traces how the League of Nations sought to combat economic nationalism and promote economic and monetary co-operation in a variety of, sometimes contradictory, ways. Many of the economists, bureaucrats, and policy-advisors who worked for it played a seminal role in the history of international relations and social science, and their efforts did not end with the outbreak of the Second World War. In 1940 the League established an economic mission in the United States, where it contributed to the creation of organizations for the post-war world - the United Nations Organization, the IMF, the World Bank, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization - as well as to plans for European reconstruction and co-operation. It is a history that resonates deeply with challenges that face the twenty-first century world.


1. The Multiverse of the League, 1920-1929
2. From Boom to Bust, 1929-1933
3. Conferences and their (Dis)contents, 1933-1934
4. All Things Trade and Currency, All Nations Great and Small, 1933-1936
5. Society and Economy in Global Partnership, 1935-1938
6. Scrutiny and Strategy: Contesting Economic Depressions, 1937-1939
7. The League at War and in Pieces, 1939-1940
8. Made in the USA, 1941-1943
9. The Architecture of a New World Order, 1944-1945
Sources and Bibliography


Patricia Clavin was educated at eleven different schools before studying History at King's College, London. She is Professor of International History and the Zeitlyn Fellow and Tutor in History at Jesus College, Oxford.