OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English

ISBN : 9780198736493

参考価格(税込): 
¥5,313
著者: 
Philip Durkin
ページ
512 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
174 x 244 mm
刊行日
2015年04月
メール送信
印刷

The rich variety of the English vocabulary reflects the vast number of words it has taken from other languages. These range from Latin, Greek, Scandinavian, Celtic, French, Italian, Spanish, and Russian to, among others, Hebrew, Maori, Malay, Chinese, Hindi, Japanese, and Yiddish. He shows how to discover the origins of loanwords, when and why they were adopted, and what happens to them once they have been. The long documented history of English includes contact with languages in a variety of contexts, including: the dissemination of Christian culture in Latin in Anglo-Saxon England, and the interactions of French, Latin, Scandinavian, Celtic, and English during the Middle Ages; exposure to languages throughout the world during the colonial era; and the effects of using English as an international language of science. Philip Durkin describes these and other historical inputs, introducing the approaches each requires, from the comparative method for the earliest period to documentary and corpus research in the modern. The discussion is illustrated at every point with examples taken from a variety of different sources. The framework Dr Durkin develops can be used to explore lexical borrowing in any language. This outstanding book is for everyone interested in English etymology and in loanwords more generally.

目次: 

PART I: INTRODUCTION
PART II: EARLY CONTACTS IN CONTINENTAL EUROPE AND BRITAIN
PART III: OLD ENGLISH AND PROTO-OLD ENGLISH IN CONTACT WITH LATIN
PART IV: SCANDINAVIAN INFLUENCE
PART V: BORROWING FROM FRENCH AND LATIN IN MIDDLE ENGLISH
PART VI: LOANWORDS INTO ENGLISH AFTER 1500
HOW BORROWING HAS AFFECTED THE LEXICON

著者について: 

Philip Durkin is Deputy Chief Editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, and has led the dictionary's team of specialists in etymology for the past fifteen years. His Oxford Guide to Etymology (2009; paperback 2011) has quickly become the standard work in the field.

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