Little Cold Warriors: American Childhood in the 1950s

ISBN : 9780197532904

Victoria M. Grieve
216 ページ
156 x 234 mm

Both conservative and liberal Baby Boomers have romanticized the 1950s as an age of innocence-of pickup ball games and Howdy Doody, when mom stayed home and the economy boomed. These nostalgic narratives obscure many other histories of postwar childhood, one of which has more in common with the war years and the sixties, when children were mobilized and politicized by the U.S. government, private corporations, and individual adults to fight the Cold War both at home and abroad. Children battled communism in its various guises on television, the movies, and comic books; they practiced safety drills, joined civil preparedness groups, and helped to build and stock bomb shelters in the backyard. Children collected coins for UNICEF, exchanged art with other children around the world, prepared for nuclear war through the Boy and Girl Scouts, raised funds for Radio Free Europe, sent clothing to refugee children, and donated books to restock the diminished library shelves of war-torn Europe. Rather than rationing and saving, American children were encouraged to spend and consume in order to maintain the engine of American prosperity. In these capacities, American children functioned as ambassadors, cultural diplomats, and representatives of the United States. Victoria M. Grieve examines this politicized childhood at the peak of the Cold War, and the many ways children and ideas about childhood were pressed into political service. Little Cold Warriors combines approaches from childhood studies and diplomatic history to understand the cultural Cold War through the activities and experiences of young Americans.


Chapter 1: Cold War Comics: Educating American Children for a New Global Role
Chapter 2: A Small Paintbrush in the Hands of a Small Child: Children's Art and Cultural Diplomacy During the Cold War
Chapter 3: The Accidental Political Advantages of a Non-Political Book Program: Franklin Publications and Juvenile Books Abroad
Chapter 4: Your Grandchildren Will Grow Up Under Communism!: Cold War Advertising and American Youth
Chapter 5: The Cold War in the Schools: Educating a Generation for World Understanding
Chapter 6: Conclusion


Victoria Grieve is Associate Professor at Utah State University and the author of The Federal Art Project and The Creation of Middlebrow Culture (University of Illinois Press, 2009). Her research spans childhood studies, visual culture, and cultural politics from the New Deal to the Cold War.