The Oxford Handbook of the Merovingian World

ISBN : 9780190234188

Bonnie Effros; Isabel Moreira
1056 ページ
171 x 248 mm
Oxford Handbooks

The Merovingian world has become more visible in Anglophone historical studies in the past two decades as attention to the social and economic networks of empires and modes of communication has begun to change older frameworks that viewed these centuries in terms of decline and characterized them as the "Dark Ages". The Merovingian epoch witnessed, something which we understand from the perspective of hindsight, a "tilt" to the middle ages. The forty-six essays included in this volume thus highlight the vitality and importance of the Merovingian kingdoms in the fifth through eighth centuries. Rather than suggest that this was a chaotic and obscure interlude between the "Fall of the Roman Empire" and the "Rise of the Carolingians," and named for a dynasty with a reputation for few accomplishments and even fewer memorable kings, the essays demonstrate that the Merovingian era is an important field in its own right. The Handbook's contributors highlight recent research that moves beyond the political developments that were until recently the bread and butter of most historians, and include many contributions based on material culture that shed new light on subjects that previously were inaccessible. They demonstrate that the Merovingian world was at the center of a wide-ranging Merovingian empire of elites, peasants, economies, and cultures, and its story must be told through archaeology, bio-archaeology, architecture, hagiographic literature, manuscripts, liturgy, visionary literature and eschatology, patristics, numismatics, and material culture. In addition to mainland "France", the essays encompass the geographic conduits of power, culture, and trade that connected the Merovingian world with Anglo-Saxon England, Ireland, Frisia, Spain, Italy, North Africa, and the Byzantine Empire. This network-empire of intersecting (and often conflicting) identities, political interests, religions, economies, patronage, and cultures, were intrinsically connected to contemporary developments not just among the Burgundians and Visigoths, but among the Byzantines, Avars, Anglo-Saxons, Frisians, and the Irish, fields that were once viewed, like the Merovingians themselves, in isolation. These important developments reveal why the Merovingian period has attracted new audiences and why it will never be viewed as a backwater again.


Family Tree
1. Bonnie Effros (Liverpool) and Isabel Moreira (Utah) - Pushing the Boundaries of the Merovingian World
2. Paul Fouracre (Manchester) - From Gaul to Francia: The Impact of the Merovingians
3. Agnes Graceffa (Paris/CNRS) - Writing the History of Merovingian Gaul: An Historiographical Survey
4. Bonnie Effros (Liverpool) - Two Centuries of Excavating Merovingian-Era Cemeteries
5. Magali Coumart (Brest) - Transformations of Identities: Barbarians and Romans in the Merovingian Realm
6. Wolfram Drews (Munster) - Migrants and Minorities in Merovingian Gaul
7. Andrea Czermak (Oxford) - Human Remains and What They Can Tell Us About Status and Identity in the Merovingian Period
8. Guy Halsall (York) - Gender in Merovingian Gau
9. Emilie Perez (Tahiti) - Children's Lives and Deaths in Merovingian Gaul
10. Yitzhak Hen (Hebrew University) - The Merovingian Polity: A Network of Courts and Courtiers
11. Edward James (Dublin) - Elite Women in the Merovingian World
12. Laury Sarti (Freiburg) - The Military and its Role in Merovingian Society
13. Gregory Halfond (Framingham) - Corporate Solidarity and its Limits within the Gallo-Frankish Episcopate
14. Peregrine Horden (London) - Public Health, Hospitals, and Charity
15. Albrecht Diem (Syracuse) -The Monastic Experiment
16. Stefan Esders (Berlin) - The Merovingians and Byzantium: Diplomatic, Military and Religious Issues, 500-700
17. Robin Fleming (Boston) - Material Evidence for Frankish Traders, Settlers, and Circular Migrators in Early Medieval Britain
18. Jean-Michel Picard (Dublin) - De gente Scottorum monachi: the Irish in Merovingian Settlement Strategy
19. Ralph Mathisen (Illinois) - Alors commenca la France: Merovingian Expansion South of the Loire, 495-510 CE
20. Matthias Hardt (Leipzig) - Merovingians and the Avars and Slavs
21. Jon Arnold (Tulsa) - Merovingians and Italy (Ostrogoths and early Lombards)
22. Helmut Reimitz (Princeton) - The History of Historiography in the Merovingian Period
23. Alice Rio (London) - Merovingian Legal Cultures
24. Jamie Kreiner (Athens, Georgia) - Merovingian Hagiography
25. Andrew Gillett (independent) - Letters and Communication Networks in Merovingian Gaul
26. Mark Handley (independent) - Merovingian Epigraphy and Epigraphy in the Merovingian World
27. Simon Loseby (Sheffield) - The Role of the City in Merovingian Gaul
28. Luc Bourgeois (Caen) - The Fate of Small Towns, Hilltop Settlements, and Elite Residences in Merovingian-Period Gaul
29. Pascale Chevalier (Clermont) -Merovingian Religious Architecture: Some New Reflections
30. Alexandra Chavarria (Pavia) - Survival of the villa in Merovingian Gaul
31. Edith Peytremann (Caen) - Rural Life and Work in Northern Gaul during the Early Middle Ages
32. Paolo Squatriti (Ann Arbor) - Good and Bad Plants in Merovingian Francia
33. Jean-Herve Yvinec (INRAP) and Maude Barme (INRAP) - Livestock and the Early Medieval Diet in Northern Gaul
34. Dries Tys (Brussels) - Maritime and River-Traders, Landing-Places and Emporia Ports in the Merovingian Period
35. Jurgen Strothmann (Siegen) - The Evidence of Numismatics: Merovingian Coinage and the Place of Frankish Gaul and its Cities in an Invisible Roman Empire
36. Constantin Pion (Brussels), Bernard Gratuze (Orleans), Patrick Perin (Saint-Germain-en-Laye), and Thomas Calligaro (Paris) - Bead and Garnet Trade between the Merovingian, Mediterranean, and Indian Worlds
37. Michel Bonifay (Aix-Marseille) and Dominique Pieri (Paris) - Merovingian Gaul and the Mediterranean: Ceramics and Trade
38. Frans Theuws (Leiden) - Long Distance Trade and the Rural Population of Northern Gaul
39. Ralph Patrello (independent) - Beyond Romans and Barbarians: Reassessing Mortuary Archaeology in Southwestern Gaul
40. Genevra Kornbluth (independent) - Amulets and Identity in the Merovingian World
41. William Klingshirn (Washington DC) - Magic and Divination in the Merovingian World
42. Isabel Moreira (Utah) - Visions and the Afterlife
43. Els Rose (Utrecht) - Inscribed in the Book of Life: Liturgical Commemoration in Merovingian Gaul
44. Lisa Bailey (Auckland) - Liturgy and the Laity
45. Kevin Uhalde (Ohio) - The Life of Penance
46. Lynda Coon (Arkansas) - Imagining Jesus in the Merovingian World


Bonnie Effros is the Chaddock Chair of Economic and Social History at the University of Liverpool. She has published widely on the Merovingian period both from the perspective of burial remains and rituals and the archaeologists who excavated its remains. Her current research interrogates the work of nineteenth-century archaeologists who pursued the remains of the martyrs in France, Italy, and Tunisia. Her most recent monographs are Uncovering the Germanic Past: Merovingian Archaeology in France (1830-1914) (Oxford 2012) and Incidental Archaeologists: French Officers and the Rediscovery of Roman North Africa (Cornell 2018). ; Isabel Moreira is Professor of Medieval History at the University of Utah. She publishes on history and religion in late antiquity with a focus on the Merovingian period. Her current research is on Merovingian rings, ghosts in the early middle ages, and a cultural biography of Queen Balthild. She has published two monographs: Heaven's Purge: Purgatory in Late Antiquity (Oxford 2010) and Dreams, Visions, and Spiritual Authority (Cornell 2000).