OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Attention, Not Self

ISBN : 9780198852193

参考価格(税込): 
¥4,565
著者: 
Jonardon Ganeri
ページ
416 ページ
フォーマット
Paperback
サイズ
156 x 234 mm
刊行日
2020年05月
メール送信
印刷

Jonardon Ganeri presents an account of mind in which attention, not self, explains the experiential and normative situatedness of human beings in the world. Attention consists in an organisation of awareness and action at the centre of which there is neither a practical will nor a phenomenological witness. Attention performs two roles in experience, a selective role of placing and a focal role of access. Attention improves our epistemic standing, because it is in the nature of attention to settle on what is real and to shun what is not real. When attention is informed by expertise, it is sufficient for knowledge. That gives attention a reach beyond the perceptual: for attention is a determinable whose determinates include the episodic memory from which our narrative identities are made, the empathy for others that situates us in a social world, and the introspection that makes us self-aware. Empathy is other-directed attention, placed on you and focused on your states of mind; it is akin to listening. Empathetic attention is central to a range of experiences that constitutively require a contrast between oneself and others, all of which involve an awareness of oneself as the object of another's attention. An analysis of attention as mental action gainsays authorial conceptions of self, because it is the nature of intending itself, effortful attention in action, to settle on what to do and to shun what not to do. In ethics, a conception of persons as beings with a characteristic capacity for attention offers hope for resolution in the conflict between individualism and impersonalism. Attention, Not Self is a contribution to a growing body of work that studies the nature of mind from a place at the crossroads of three disciplines: philosophy in the analytical and phenomenological traditions, contemporary cognitive science and empirical work in cognitive psychology, and Buddhist theoretical literature.

目次: 

Introduction
1 Attention and Action
2 Consciousness
3 Thought and World
4 The Content of Perceptual Experience
5 Perceptual Attention
6 Attention and Knowledge
7 Orienting Attention
8 A Theory of Vision
9 The Disunity of Mind
10 Working Memory and Attention
11 Varieties of Attention
12 Narrative Attention
13 Empathetic Attention
14 Identifying Persons
15 Self and Other
16 Finitude and Flow
Postscript: Philosophy Without Borders

著者について: 

Jonardon Ganeri is a philosopher whose work draws on a variety of philosophical traditions to construct new positions in the philosophy of mind, metaphysics, and epistemology. He is the author of The Self; The Concealed Art of the Soul; The Lost Age of Reason; and Semantic Powers, all published by Oxford University Press. He joined the Fellowship of the British Academy in 2015, and won the Infosys Prize in the Humanities the same year. Open Minds magazine named him of its 50 global open minds for 2016.

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