ISBN : 9780198832331
Unevenness and inequalities form a central fact of African economic experiences. This book challenges conventional wisdoms about economic performance and possible policies for economic development in African countries, using the striking variation in economic performance as a starting point.
African Economic Development: Evidence, Theory, and Policy highlights not only difference between countries, but also variation within countries. It focuses on issues relating to gender, class, and ethnic identity, such as neo-natal mortality, school dropout, and horticultural and agribusiness exports. Variations in these areas point to opportunities for changing perfomance, reducing reducing inequalities, learning from other policy experiences, and escaping the ties of structure and the legacies of a colonial past.
African Economic Development rejects teleological illusions and Eurocentric prejudice, criticizing a range of orthodox and heterodox economists for their cavalier attitude to evidence. Instead, it shows that seeing the contradictions of capitalism for what they are - fundamental and enduring - may help policy officials protect themselves against the misleading idea that development can be expected to be a smooth, linear process, or that it would be if certain impediments were removed.
Drawing on decades of research and policy experience, this book combines careful use of available evidence from a range of African countries with economic insights to make the policy case for specific types of public sector investment.
Part One: Introduction and Context
1 Introduction: A Fresh Outlook on Evidence, Analysis, and Policy for Economic Development in Africa
2 Uneven, Brutal, and Contradictory Economic Development in Africa
3 Varieties of Common Sense
Part Two: Strategies of Economic Development
4 Investment, Wage Goods, and Industrial Policy
5 The Trade Imperative
6 Unbalanced Development
Part Three: Poverty, Labour, and Agricultural
7 Wage Employment in Africa
8 Working Out the Solution to Rural Poverty
9 Technical Change and Agricultural Productivity
Part Four: Towards Possibilism in Policy Making
10 High Yielding Variety Policies in Africa