The Oxford Handbook of Political Representation in Liberal Democracies

ISBN : 9780198825081

Robert Rohrschneider; Jacques Thomassen
704 ページ
171 x 246 mm
Oxford Handbooks

The Handbook of Political Representation in Liberal Democracies offers a state-of-the-art assessment of the functioning of political representation in liberal democracies. In 34 chapters the world's leading scholars on the various aspects of political representation address eight broad themes: The concept and theories of political representation, its history and the main requisites for its development; elite orientations and behavior; descriptive representation; party government and representation; non-electoral forms of political participation and how they relate to political representation; the challenges to representative democracy originating from the growing importance of non-majoritarian institutions and social media; the rise of populism and its consequences for the functioning of representative democracy; the challenge caused by economic and political globlization: what does it mean for the functioning of political representation at the national leval and is it possible to develop institutions of representative democracy at a level above the state that meet the normative criteria of representative democracy and are supported by the people? The various chapters offer a comprehensive review of the literature on the various aspects of political representation. The main organizing principle of the Handbook is the chain of political representation, the chain connecting the interests and policy preferences of the people to public policy via political parties, parliament, and government. Most of the chapters assessing the functioning of the chain of political representation and its various links are based on original comparative political research. Comparative research on political representation and its various subfields has developed dramatically over the last decades so that even ten years ago a Handbook like this would have looked totally different.


Part I. Concept and theories of political representation
1 Jane Mansbridge: The Evolution of Political Representation in Liberal Democracies: Concepts and Practices
2 Carles Boix, WillHorn and Alex Kerchner: The Formation and Development of Liberal Democracies
3 Christian Welzel: The cultural Pre-Requisites of Democracy.
4 Rudy B. Andeweg and Tom Louwerse: The institutional framework of representative democracy: Comparing the Populist-Majoritarian and the Liberal/Consensual Model
5 Carolien van Ham: Electoral Integrity.
Part II. Elite Orientations and Behavior
6 Simon Hug: Roll-call voting behavior in legislatures
7 Thomas Zittel: Constituency Candidates and Political Representation
Part III. Descriptive representation
8 Anne Philips: Descriptive Representation Revisited
9 Karen Celis and Silvia Erzeel: Gender equality
10 Didier Ruedin: Regional and Ethnic Minorities
11 David Farrell and Peter Stone: Sortition and Mini-Publics: A Different Kind of Representation
Part IV. Party Government and Representation
12 Richard S. Katz: The Model of Party Government
13 Russell Dalton: Party Competition and Representation
14 Wouter van der Brug, Eelco Harteveld and Jaap van Slageren: Party government and Voters
15 Reuven Hazan and Reut Itzkovich-Malka: Parliamentarians and Party Groups: the Role of Intra-party Unity
16 Thomas Poguntke and Susan Scarrow: Intra-party Democracy and Representation: Necessity, Complement, or Challenge?
17 Robert Thompson: Parties' Election Manifestos and Public Policies
18 Zoe Lefkofridi: Opinion-Policy congruence
19 Bingham Powell: Mandate vs Accountability
20 Andre Blais, Ruth Dassonneville and Filip Kostelka: Political equality and Turnout
21 Soren Holmberg: Feeling represented
Part V. Beyond Elections as Instruments of Representative Democracy
22 Celine Colombo and Hanspeter Kriesi: Referendums and Direct Democracy
23 Jeremy Richardson: Interest Groups and the Market for Representation
24 Jan van Deth: Non-electoral Participation
25 Christopher Wlezien: Dynamic Representation
Part VI. Challenges to representative democracy: domestic origins
26 Mark Bovens and Thomas Schillemans: Non-majoritarian institutions
27 Mark Peffley, Alexander Denison and Travis N. Taylor: Print, Electronic and Social Media and the Transformation of Democratic Representation
Part VII: Challenges to Representative Democracies: Populism
28 Pippa Norris: The Populist Challenge to Liberal Democracies
29 Thomas M. Meyer and Markus Wagner: The Rise of Populism in Modern Democracies
30 Zsolt Enyedi and Stephen Whitefield: Populists in Power: Populism and Representation in Illiberal Democracies
Part VIII. Challenges to Representative Democracy: International Aspects
31 Timothy Hellwig: Globalization, Electoral Change and Representation
32 Sara B. Hobolt: Representation and the European Union
33 Jorge M. Fernandes and Pedro Magalhaes: Does Economic and Political Integration Undermine Representative Democracy? Lessons from the 2008 Economic Crisis in the European Union
34 Richard Bellamy: Globalisation and Representative Democracy: Normative Challenges


Robert Rohrschneider is Sir Robert Worcester Distinguished Professor of International Public Opinion and Survey Research at the University of Kansas. He teaches Comparative Politics and his research focuses on Comparative Public Opinion, Political Parties, Democratic Representation in Western and Central-Eastern Europe.; Jacques Thomassen is an emeritus professor of political science at the University of Twente in the Netherlands. He is member and former secretary general of the Royal Netherlands
Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has held visiting positions at the universities of Michigan, Harvard, Mannheim, the Australian National University, and the European University Institute. He published widely on issues of political representation, electoral behaviour, democracy, and legitimacy. He was a founding member of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES) and participated in many other projects of comparative political research. Among his publications are Elections and Democracy: Representation and Accountability OUP 2014; Myth and Reality of the Legitimacy Crisis: Explaining trends and cross-national differences in established democracies OUP 2017.