Wireless Internationalism and Distant Listening: Britain, Propaganda, and the Invention of Global Radio, 1920-1939

ISBN : 9780198800231

Simon J. Potter
256 ページ
156 x 234 mm

During the 1920s and 1930s the new medium of radio broadcasting promised to transform society by fostering national unity and strengthening and popularising national cultures. However, many hoped that 'wireless' would also encourage international understanding and world peace. Intentionally or otherwise, wireless signals crossed borders, bringing talk, music, and news to enthusiastic 'distant listeners' in other countries. In Europe, radio was regulated through international consultation and cooperation, to restrict interference between stations, and to unleash the medium's full potential to carry programmes to global audiences. A distinctive form of 'wireless internationalism' emerged, reflecting and reinforcing the broader internationalist movement and establishing structures and approaches which endured into the Second World War, the Cold War, and beyond. This study reveals this untold history.

Wireless Internationalism and Distant Listening also explores the neglected interwar experience of distant listening, revealing the prevalence of listening across borders and explaining how individuals struggled to overcome unwanted noise, tune in as many stations as possible, and comprehend and enjoy what they heard. The volume shows how radio brought the world to Britain, and Britain to the world. It revises our understanding of early BBC broadcasting and the BBC Empire Service (the precursor to today's World Service) and shows how government influence shaped early BBC international broadcasting in English, Arabic, Spanish, and Portuguese. It also explores the wider European and trans-Atlantic context, demonstrating how Fascism in Italy and Germany, the Spanish Civil War, and the Japanese invasion of China, combined to overturn the utopianism of the 1920s and usher in a new era of wireless nationalism.


PART I - International Broadcasting: Peace, Propaganda, and War
1 Pulling Down the Walls of the World, 1920-1930
2 Fraternising in the Ether, 1931-1933
3 Rivalry and Competition, 1934-1937
4 Wireless Nationalism, 1938-1939
PART II - Producing and Listening to International Radio
5 The Lonely Listener in the Bush: BBC Empire Service Programmes and Audiences
6 The Shocktroops of Propaganda: BBC News for Overseas Listeners
7 Distant Listening


Simon J. Potter is Professor of Modern History at the University of Bristol. He has published widely on the history of the mass media and the history of empire, and his work brings together themes, ideas, and debates from these two fields. He has also written extensively on the wider historiographies of the British Empire and the British World, and on recent developments in Global History. His publications include Broadcasting Empire: the BBC and the British World, 1922-1970 (2012), British Imperial History (2015),
and News and the British World: the Emergence of an Imperial Press System, 1876-1922 (2003). He has led a Leverhulme Trust International Network on global radio history and worked with heritage groups in Bristol on public engagement with the legacies of empire.