ISBN : 9780198789697
Psychiatry Reborn: Biopsychosocial Psychiatry in Modern Medicine is a comprehensive collection of essays by leading experts in the field, and provides a timely reassessment of the biopsychosocial approach in psychiatry.
Spanning the sciences and philosophy of psychiatry, the essays offer complementary perspectives on the ever more urgent importance of the biopsychosocial approach to modern medicine. The collection brings together ideas from the series of Loebel Lectures by world leaders in the field of psychiatry and associated Workshops at the University of Oxford, including revised versions of the Lectures themselves, and a wide range of related commentaries and position pieces.
With contributions from psychiatry, psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy, the book provides the most comprehensive account to date of the interplay between biological, psychological, and social factors in mental health and their ethical dimensions.
The 23 chapters of this multi-authored book review the history and place of the biopsychosocial model in medicine, and explore its strengths and shortcomings. In particular, it considers how understanding this interplay might lead to more effective treatments for mental health disorders, as developments in genomic and neurobiological medicine challenge traditional conceptions and approaches to the research and treatment of mental health disorders.
The book explores the challenges and rewards of developing diagnostic tools and clinical interventions that take account of the inextricably intertwined bio-psycho-social domains, and the ethical implications of the conceptualization. It concludes with chapters drawing together the book's range of expertise to propose a best conception of the model, and how it might be adopted going forward in an age of exponentially increasing technological advances and of integrated/collaborative care. The volume is intended to present the BPS model as it stands today in the academy, the lab, and the clinic, and to start to address the challenges and potential that the model has for each.
1 Pierre Loebel and Julian Savulescu: Introduction
2 Rebecca Roache: The biopsychosocial model in psychiatry: Engel and beyond
2. Multi-level Interactions
3 Kenneth Kendler and Chistopher Gyngell: Multi-level Interactions and the Dappled Causal World of Psychiatric Disorders
4 Rachel Cooper: When answers are hard to find, change the question: Asking different causal questions can enable progress
5 Simone PW Haller and Kathrin Cohen Kadosh: A developmental approach to understanding psychiatric disorders: Mapping etiological pathways
6 Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Jesse S. Summers: Which biopsychosocial view of psychiatry?
7 Neil Levy: The Truth in Social Construction
8 Bill Fulford: Minority Report: Values-based Practice and Making it Real
9 Graeme C. Smith: Formulation in the face of complexity
3. Risk and Resilience
10 Essi Viding: Developmental risk and resilience: The challenge of translating multi-level data to concrete interventions
11 Eamon J. McCrory: The case for a preventative approach to mental health: Childhood maltreatment, neuroimaging and the theory of latent vulnerability
12 Charlotte A.M. Cecil: Biopsychosocial pathways to mental health and disease across the lifespan: The emerging role of epigenetics
13 Richard Holton: Reacting to Abuse
14 Peter Dayan, Jonathan P Roiser, and Essi Viding: The First Steps on Long Marches: The Costs of Active Observation
15 Tim Thornton: Psychiatry's inchoate wish for a paradigm shift and the bio-psycho-social model of mental illness
16 Matthew Parrott: Ignoring faces and making friends
4. Neurobiology and the Biopsychosocial Model
17 Steve Hyman and Doug McConnell: Mental illness: The collision of meaning with mechanism
18 Doug McConnell: The biopsychosocial model, DSM, and neurobiology: The need for a new approach
19 Jonathan Glover: The proper place of subjectivity, meaning, and folk-psychology in psychiatry
20 Nassir Ghaemi: Psychiatry, folk psychology and the impact of neuroscience - a response to Steven Hyman's Loebel Lectures
21 Jan Christop Bublitz: Objectification: Ethical and Epistemic Concern of Neurobiological Approaches to the Mind
5. The Future
22 Rebecca Roache: How to adopt the biopsychosocial model
23 Doug McConnell: Specifying the best conception of the biopsychosocial model