ISBN : 9780197509456
When considering strategies to address violent conflict, scholars and policymakers debate the wisdom of recognizing versus avoiding reference to ethnic identities in government institutions. In Diversity, Violence, and Recognition, Elisabeth King and Cyrus Samii examine the reasons that governments choose to recognize ethnic identities and the consequences of such choices for peace. The authors introduce a theory on the merits and risks of recognizing ethnic groups in state institutions, pointing to the crucial role of ethnic demographics. Through a global quantitative analysis and in-depth case studies of Burundi, Rwanda, and Ethiopia, they find promise in recognition. Countries that adopt recognition go on to experience less violence, more economic vitality, and more democratic politics, but these effects depend on which ethnic group is in power. King and Samii's findings are important for scholars studying peace, democracy, and development, and practically relevant to policymakers attempting to make these concepts a reality.
List of illustrations
List of Abbreviations
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: A Theory of Recognition
Chapter 3: Trends in Ethnic Recognition
Chapter 4: Under what conditions is recognition adopted?
Chapter 5: What are the effects of ethnic recognition on peace?
Chapter 6: Recognition under Plurality Rule and the Paradox of Recognition in Burundi
Chapter 7: Non-Recognition under Minority Rule and the Paradox of Non-Recognition in Rwanda
Chapter 8: Ethnic Recognition under Minority Rule in Ethiopia
Chapter 9: Conclusion
Appendix: Statistical Tables
"This is an incredibly important book. Scholars will find a novel theory of the reasons for ethnic recognition, as well as a convincing and sophisticated argument drawing on a wealth of original material. As for policy-makers, they will find guidance on how to make the 'right' choice when faced with the dilemma of ethnic recognition. Therefore, King & Samii's advice may impact millions of lives for the better." -Séverine Autesserre, author of Trouble with the Congo, Peaceland, and The Frontlines of Peace
"One of the most fateful decisions facing peace-makers and state-builders in ethnically divided societies is whether to formally recognize the rights and powers of cultural groups, or whether individual rights approaches offer a better way to simultaneously prevent ethnic discrimination and demobilize invidious ethnic rivalries. Grounded in deep theoretical and empirical work, King and Samii convincingly explain the conditions under which ethnic group recognition or non-recognition is likely to produce the better outcome." -Jack Snyder, Robert and Renée Belfer Professor of International Relations, Columbia University