Salafism Goes Global: From the Gulf to the French Banlieues

ISBN : 9780190062460

Mohamed-Ali Adraoui
248 ページ
156 x 235 mm
Religion and Global Politics

Salafism is a fundamentalist Sunni vision of Islam that is growing in popularity in many countries. In this book, Mohamed-Ali Adraoui focuses on quietist Salafism, which he calls a study in contradictions. Strongly opposed to political action, terrorism, and the overthrow of established regimes, quietist Salafism insists on restructuring Islamic norms with the fervor of a revivalist and fundamentalist ethic. Quietist Salafis seek the purification of culture and religious renewal through a "de-militantization" of the Islamic corpus.

Adraoui explores the Salafis' individual trajectories, their relationship with politics, and their vision of the world and of modernity, in order to understand how quietist Salafis negotiate their social identities and religious obligations in the Western context. What does the increasing presence of Islamic movements in the global space mean? Adraoui draws parallels between the French case and that of Muslim countries, and argues that the spread of quietist Salafism is partially a result of the foreign policy of Saudi Arabia. Quietist Salafism, he argues, is resonant of Saudi Arabia's efforts to promote a legitimist, anti-anarchist, and counter-revolutionary conception of Islam, after having long legitimized and reinforced the Islamist forces and Jihadist movements when it was in its geopolitical interests to do so. Salafism Goes Global sheds light on a dynamic of globalization that is taking place in the margins.


Part One: The reference group
Chapter I
Genealogical socialization
The sociology of French quietist Salafism
The Minhaj Salafi: an anti-system actor on the French Islamic scene
The 'Alim or the Maker of Salafist meaning
The Da'wa Salafiyya as exclusive Islamic paradigm
The sociology of the Salafist sphere: rupture as effect of historical preaching on a global and local level
The Salafi habitus: convert the epistemic rupture in the social arena
Call to order: the Salafi as guardian of dogma
The Noah syndrome
Resistance and persistence
A stranger among his contemporaries
Chapter II
Pyramidal socialization
Salafi militant apoliticism and the control of French Islam's political agenda
The quest for status through economic independence
Social rupture: between elitist religious practices and cultural desocialization
A counterculture in retreat and in collision with the dominant culture: the full-body veil
An elitist proselytizing: example of a conversion in a mosque attended by Salafis
Muslim worship, restorationist practices with elitist effect: the example of prayer
Chapter III
Immunological socialization
Internal hijra: between psychological withdrawal and the first fruits of departure
Rupture in time and space: the logic of religious rationalization and attendance at mosques
Protection against an Islamophobic society: the example of media discourse about Islam
The Hijra to the Land of Islam: leaving, rebirth...and fulfillment
Egypt or the example of the Erasmus hijra: Go East, learn...and return
Algeria or the example of the hijra of origin: Go East...and stay?
Part Two: The membership group
Chapter IV
Filtered socialization
The suburbs as symbolic space for differentiation and emergence of counter worlds
The suburb: a space for forming an antagonistic habitus
Militant apoliticism: between an anti-imperialist ethic, disdain for engagement, and unfulfilled politicization, a relationship to endogenous politics?
The Maghrebians: inertia more than a return to the religious
The Turks or the all included religious socialization: a turnkey Islam
The converts or the melting pot socialization
The lifecycle of quietist Salafism: the generational effect of this religious career
Chapter V
Imaginary socialization
A new age of Orientalism?
The Orientalism of the French Salafis: to begin with, a Western view of the Orient
An Orientalism of the interior, or how to reify the Orient when you are from it
Reverse Orientalism: an Orient better than the West
Constructing a West as a negative mirror of the Orient, or Salafi Occidentalism
The invention of tradition: reifying the Saudi politico-religious power
The Salafist sphere's harmonious character as construction
Chapter VI
Postmodern socialization
Salafi socialization or the time of religious tribes: atomization and forming a new organic link of an esthetic nature
Thriving on the crisis of Islamism: the Minhaj Salafi as post-Islamist mode
Islamism versus Minhaj Salafi: militant ethic of world transformation against the neo-fundamentalist post-Islamism of withdrawal
The quietist and legitimist Salafi viaticum: an Islamism for leaving Islamism?
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Mohamed-Ali Adraoui is a political scientist and international historian, whose main fields of research deal with radical and political Islam. He has written extensively on the issues of Salafism, Jihadism, political Islam, Islam in the West and the U.S. foreign policy in the Arab world. He is currently studying the history of the U.S. foreign policy towards the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in his position as the Marie Sklodowska Curie Fellow at Georgetown University.