OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Delaying Doomsday: The Politics of Nuclear Reversal

ISBN : 9780190077976

参考価格(税込): 
¥5,379
著者: 
Rupal N. Mehta
ページ
256 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2020年03月
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In 1960, President Kennedy warned of a dangerous future, rife with nuclear-armed states and a widespread penchant for conflict by the end of the century. Thankfully, his prediction failed to pass; in fact, roughly three times as many countries have since opted to give up their nuclear pursuit or relinquish existing weapons than have maintained their arsenals. Nevertheless, clandestine acquisition of nuclear materials and technology by states such as Iraq, Syria, and Iran, and a nuclear North Korea, has reaffirmed the need for United States' commitment to pursuing aggressive counterproliferation strategies, particularly with rogue states.

This book looks at the experiences of countries that ventured down the path of nuclear proliferation but were stopped short, and examines how the international community bargains with proliferators to encourage nuclear reversal. It asks why so many states have relented to pressure to abandon their nuclear weapons programs, and which counterproliferation policies have been successful. Rupal N. Mehta argues that the international community can persuade countries to reverse their weapons programs with rewards and sanctions especially when the threat to use military force remains "on the table". Specifically, nuclear reversal is most likely when states are threatened with sanctions and offered face-saving rewards that help them withstand domestic political opposition. Historically, the United States has relied on a variety of policy levers-including economic and civilian nuclear assistance and, sometimes, security guarantees, as well as economic sanctions-to achieve nuclear reversal. Underlying these negotiations is the possibility of military intervention, which incentivizes states to accept the agreement (often spearheaded by the United States) and end their nuclear pursuit.

The book draws on interviews with current and former policymakers, as well as in-depth case studies of India, Iran, and North Korea, to provide policy recommendations on how best to manage nuclear proliferation challenges from rogue states. It also outlines the proliferation horizon, or the set of state and non-state actors that are likely to have interest in acquiring nuclear technology for civilian, military, or unknown purposes. The book concludes with implications and recommendations for U.S. and global nuclear counterproliferation policy.

目次: 

CHAPTER 1: THE PUZZLE OF COUNTERPROLIFERATION

CHAPTER 2: THEORY OF NUCLEAR REVERSAL

OVERVIEW: INTRODUCING THE EVIDENCE

CHAPTER 3: EVIDENCE FROM THE HISTORICAL RECORD

CHAPTER 4: SUCCESS AND FAILURE IN NUCLEAR REVERSAL

CHAPTER 5: INDIA--ERSTWHILE ALLY AND NUCLEAR REVERSAL

CHAPTER 6: IRAN--ADVERSARIES AND NUCLEAR REVERSAL

CHAPTER 7: NORTH KOREA--THE REMAINING CHALLENGE

CHAPTER 8: LESSONS LEARNED--NUCLEAR REVERSAL, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, AND FUTURE CHALLENGES

References

Index

著者について: 

Rupal N. Mehta is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Previously, she was a Stanton Nuclear Security Postdoctoral Fellow in the Belfer Center at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. She holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of California, San Diego. Her research interests lie in international security, with a specialization in nuclear proliferation, extended deterrence, and nuclear latency. Her work has appeared in Journal of Conflict Resolution, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Strategic Studies, The Washington Quarterly, and the Washington Post's Monkey Cage.

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