The Poetry of the Americas: From Good Neighbors to Countercultures

ISBN : 9780190080990

Harris Feinsod
440 ページ
156 x 235 mm
Modernist Literature & Culture

The Poetry of the Americas offers a lively and detailed history of relations among poets in the US and Latin America, spanning three decades from the Good Neighbor diplomacy of World War II through the Cold War cultural policies of the late 1960s. Connecting works by Martin Adan, Elizabeth Bishop, Paul Blackburn, Jorge Luis Borges, Julia de Burgos, Ernesto Cardenal, Jorge Carrera Andrade, Allen Ginsberg, Langston Hughes, Jose Lezama Lima, Pablo Neruda, Charles Olson, Octavio Paz, Heberto Padilla, Wallace Stevens, Derek Walcott, William Carlos Williams, and many others, Feinsod reveals how poets of many nations imagined a "poetry of the Americas" that linked multiple cultures, even as it reflected the inequities of the inter-American political system. This account offers a rich contextual study of the state-sponsored institutions and the countercultural networks that sustained this poetry, from Nelson Rockefeller's Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs to the mid-1960s avant-garde scene in Mexico City. This innovative literary-historical project enables new readings of such canonical poems as Stevens's "Notes Toward a Supreme Fiction" and Neruda's "The Heights of Macchu Picchu," but it positions these alongside lesser known poetry, translations, anthologies, literary journals and private correspondences culled from library archives across the Americas. The Poetry of the Americas thus broadens the horizons of reception and mutual influence-and of formal, historical, and political possibility-through which we encounter midcentury American poetry, recasting traditional categories of "U.S." or "Latin American" literature within a truly hemispheric vision.





List of Illustrations

A Note on the Text


Hazarding the Poetry of the Americas

The Poetry of the Americas: A Genealogy

Integrationist Literary History

Cultural Diplomacy from Good Neighbors to Countercultures

Six Chapters in the Poetry of the Americas

1. Hemispheric Solidarities: Wartime Poetry and the Limits of the Good Neighbor

The Office of the Coordinators of Inter-American Poetry

Bridging the Hemisphere: Carrera Andrade's Hart Crane

Minority Islands: Hughes, Frank, de Moraes, and the Poem of Racial Democracy

Between Dissidence and Diplomacy: Neruda, Bishop, Burgos

William Carlos Williams and the Ardor of Puerto Rico

Lysander Kemp and the Gunboat Good Neighbor

2. A Xenoglossary for the Americas

Foreign Words and Bloc Politics

Steven's Lingua Franca et Jocundissima


Lezama's Citations

Borges and the Dawn of English

3. The Ruins of Inter-Americanism

Privileged Observatories: A Midcentury Culture of Pre-Columbian Ruins

Dead Mouths: Neruda at Machu Picchu

Repossessed Dynamics: Olson and Barlow Among Stones

Mechano Hells and Mayan Isms: Ginsberg, Lamantia, Cardenal

Hidden Doors: Ferlinghetti and Adan at Machu Picchu

4. The New Inter-American Poetry

Beats and Barbudos

Blackburn, Cortazar and all the Village Cronopios

The True Pan-American Union: Margaret Randall and El Corno Emplumado

Transnational Martyrology: Heraud, Quena, Eshleman

Neruda, Deep Image, and the Politics of Translation

Manhattan Poems beyond the New York School

5. Questions of Anticommunism: Hemispheric Lyric in the 1960s

Bishop's First Anticommunist Shudder

Lowell's Imperial Phantasmagoria

Walcott in the Gulf

Padilla in Difficult Times

Stations in the Gulf

6. Renga and Heteronymy: Cosmopolitan Poetics after 1967

Go Home, Octavio Paz!

La Renga de Occidente

Heteronyms and Literary History




Harris Feinsod is Assistant Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Northwestern University.