The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Roman Germany

ISBN : 9780199665730

Simon James; Stefan Krmnicek
640 ページ
171 x 171 mm
Oxford Handbooks

Germania was one of the most important and complex zones of cultural interaction and conflict between Rome and neighbouring societies. A vast region, it became divided into urbanised provinces with elaborate military frontiers and the northern part of the continental 'Barbaricum'. Recent decades have seen a major effort by German archaeologists, ancient historians, epigraphers, numismatists, and other specialists to explore the Roman era in their own territory, with rich and often surprising new knowledge. This Handbook aims to make the results of this great effort of modern German and overwhelmingly German-language scholarship more widely available to Anglophone scholarship on the empire. Archaeology and ancient history are international enterprises characterised by specific national scholarly traditions; this is notably true of the study of Roman-era Germania. This volume compromises a collection of essays in English by leading scholars working in Germany, presenting the latest developments in current research as well as situating their work within wider international scholarship through a series of critical responses from other, very different, national perspectives. In doing so, this book aims to reveal the riches of the archaeology of Roman Germany, promote the achievements of German scholars in the area, and help facilitate continued English and German language discourses on the Roman era.


Simon James & Stefan Krmnicek: Introduction
Part I: Prelude, Conquest, and Provincialisation
1. Occupation and Consolidation
1 Susanne Sievers: The Lands of Germania in the Later Pre-Roman Iron Age
2 Reinhard Wolters: Emergence of the Provinces
2. Creating a Provincial Landscape
3 Klaus Kortum: Archaeology of Germania Superior: Urban Settlements
4 Norbert Hanel: Archaeology of Germania Inferior: Urbanization
5 Thomas Maurer: Roman Rural Landscape Occupation in Present-Day Germany: An Overview
Part II: Core Provinces at the Edge of Empire
3. Wars and Frontiers
6 Gunther Moosbauer: Roman Battlefields in Germany: Kalkriese and Harzhorn
7 Martin Kemkes: The Limes
4. An Integrated Economy
8 Susanne Biegert and Markus Helfert: Roman Pottery Research in Germany
9 David Wigg-Wolf: Coinage and Money in the Roman Rhineland
5. Constituting Provincial Identity
10 Constanze Hopken: Religion, Cult, and Burial Customs in the German Provinces
11 Krešimir Matijević: Writing and Literacy/Illiteracy
12 Alexandra W. Busch and Henner von Hesberg: Provincial Art
Part III: The Transformation of Power
6. Crisis of the Third Century
13 Marcus Reuter: 'Vi barbarorum absumptam': A Military History of Roman Germany during the Third Century AD
14 Michaela Konrad: Crisis Research in a Civil Context
7. Germani and Rome
15 Claus von Carnap-Bornheim: The Germani and the German Provinces of Rome
16 Michael Meyer: Roman Cultural Influence in Western Germania Magna
17 Claudia Theune: Transformations in the Roman West: The Case of the Alamanni
8. After Rome
18 Hubert Fehr: The Transformation into the Early Middle Ages
19 Alexander Heising: Reception and History of Research in the Roman Provinces of Germany
Part IV: External Perspectives and Final Thoughts
9. The Foreign Commentaries
20 Nico Roymans: The Archaeology of Roman Germany, A Dutch Perspective
21 Michel Redde: Roman Germania? What Germania?
22 Ian Haynes: Germanies, Britains, and the Roman World
23 Philip Kiernan: Roman Germany and Provincial Archaeology, The North American Perspective
10. Final Word
24 Thomas Fischer: Concluding Remarks on the Handbook of the Archaeology of Roman Germany


Simon James is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Leicester. After a decade at the British Museum as an archaeological illustrator and then as an educator, he returned to the University sector via a Leverhulme Fellowship at Durham. He joined the University of Leicester in January 2000, becoming professor in 2012. His research mainly relates to ancient conflict, especially in the Roman world and contemporary societies in Europe and the Middle East. ; Stefan Krmnicek is Junior Professor of Ancient Numismatics at the Institute of Classical Archaeology, University of Tubingen. His research interests cover a wide range of topics, including coin iconography, economic and social history, and archaeometry, with current research focuses on the study of money and coinage at the interface between archaeology, Roman and Iron Age numismatics, anthropology, and sociology.