The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science

ISBN : 9780190939397

Paul Humphreys
944 ページ
170 x 170 mm
Oxford Handbooks




This handbook provides both an overview of state-of-the-art scholarship in philosophy of science, as well as a guide to new directions in the discipline. Section I contains broad overviews of the main lines of research and the state of established knowledge in six principal areas of the discipline, including computational, physical, biological, psychological and social sciences, as well as general philosophy of science. Section II covers what are considered to be the traditional topics in the philosophy of science, such as causation, probability, models, ethics and values, and explanation. Section III identifies new areas of investigation that show promise of becoming important areas of research, including the philosophy of astronomy and astrophysics, data, complexity theory, neuroscience, simulations, post-Kuhnian philosophy, post-empiricist epistemology, and emergence. Most chapters are accessible to scientifically educated non-philosophers as well as to professional philosophers, and the contributors - all leading researchers in their field - bring diverse perspectives from the North American, European, and Australasian research communities. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and students.


1. Introduction: New Directions in Philosophy of Science Paul Humphreys
Part I: Overviews
2. Advertisement for the Philosophy of the Computational Sciences Oron Shagrir
3. Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Naturalism and Anti-naturalism in the Philosophy of Social Science Francesco Guala
4. Philosophy of Biology Ben Fraser and Kim Sterelny
5. Philosophy of the Psychological and Cognitive Sciences Mark Sprevak
6. Philosophy of the Physical Sciences Carl Hoefer and Chris Smeenk
7. Having Science in View: General Philosophy of Science and its Significance Stathis Psillos
Part II: Traditional Topics
8. Causation in Science James Woodward
9. Confirmation and Induction Jan Sprenger
10. Determinism and Indeterminism Charlotte Werndl
11. Epistemology and Philosophy of Science Otavio Bueno
12. Ethics in Science David B. Resnik
13. Experiment Uljana Feest and Friedrich Steinle
14. Game Theory Cristina Bicchieri and Giacomo Sillari
15. Instrumentalism: Global, Local, and Scientific P. Kyle Stanford
16. Laws of Nature John T. Roberts
17. Metaphysics in Science Richard Healey
18. Models and Theories Margaret Morrison
19. Natural Kinds Muhammad Ali Khalidi
20. Probability Antony Eagle
21. Representation in Science Mauricio Suarez
22. Reduction Andreas Huttemann and Alan C. Love
23. Science and Non-Science Sven Ove Hansson
24. Scientific Concepts Hyundeuk Cheon and Edouard Machery
25. Scientific Explanation Bradford Skow
26. Scientific Progress Alexander Bird
27. Scientific Realism Timothy D. Lyons
28. Scientific Theories Hans Halvorson
29. Values in Science Heather Douglas
Part III: New Directions
30. After Kuhn Philip Kitcher
31. Astronomy and Astrophysics Sybille Anderl
32. Challenges to Evolutionary Theory Denis Walsh
33. Complexity Theory Michael Strevens
34. Computer Simulation Johannes Lenhard
35. Data Aidan Lyon
36. Emergence Paul Humphreys
37. Empiricism and After Jim Bogen
38. Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy Stuart Glennan
39. Philosophy and Cosmology Claus Beisbart
40. Philosophy of Neuroscience Adina L. Roskies and Carl F. Craver
41. Social Organization of Science Martin Carrier
42. Spaces Dean Rickles


Paul Humphreys is Commonwealth Professor of Philosophy and co-Director of the Center for the Study of Knowledge and Data at the University of Virginia. His principal philosophical interests are general philosophy of science, emergence, computational science, probability, data, and digital humanities.