OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Mosaics of Knowledge: Representing Information in the Roman World

ISBN : 9780190632502

参考価格(税込): 
¥11,396
著者: 
Andrew Riggsby
ページ
264 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 156 mm
刊行日
2019年11月
シリーズ
Classical Culture and Society
メール送信
印刷

Today's information technology often seems to take on a life of its own, spreading into every part of our lives. In the Roman world things were different. Technologies were limited to small, scattered social groups. By examining five technologies-lists, tables, weights and measures, artistic perspective, and mapping-Mosaics of Knowledge demonstrates how the Romans broke up a world we might have imagined them to unite. That is, the recording, storage, and recall of information in physical media might be expected to bind together persons distant in time and space. More often than not, however, Roman instances serve to create or reinforce the isolation of particular groups. Persons in different "locations"- whether those are geographical, social, or occupational-had access to quite different informational resources, and the overall situation is thus not controlled by the needs of any particular class or group. On the one hand, these constraints on use in turn constrain the development and power of individual technologies. Development is slow, scattered, and far from one-directional. On the other, seeming technological weaknesses can turn out to be illusory if we set them in actual use-contexts. Romans deploy no more but also no less "computing" power than needed for very narrowly defined goals. This study combines detailed readings of a wide variety of evidence (inscriptions, small archeological finds, artworks, literary texts) with theoretical consideration of the social, cognitive, and material contexts for their use to present a unique portrait of Roman IT capabilities, limitations, and habits.

目次: 

A Brief Orientation
1. Lists
Ordered Lists
Indexed Lists
Tables of Contents
Nested Lists
2. Tables
Actual Tables
Not Tables
Outliers
Conclusions
3. Weights and Measures
How Does Roman Measurement Work?
Standards and Standardization
Direct Standardization
Indirect Standardization
Complications
Conclusions
4. Representing Three Dimensions
Perspective and the Theory of Space
The Corpora
Space in the Landscapes
Two Comprehensive Examples
Conclusions
5. Representing Two Dimensions
Data Graphics
Textual Illustrations
Plans
What is a Map?
Maps
Maps as Information Technology
6. Conclusion
Where Are We Now?
Going Forward I: Power and Other Topics
Going Forward II: An IT Revolution in Late Antiquity?
Bibliography $ https://global.oup.com/academic/product/9780190632502

著者について: 

Andrew M. Riggsby is a historian of the Roman world. Educated at Harvard and Berkeley, he is now Lucy Shoe Meritt Professor in Classics at the University of Texas at Austin. He is a Fellow of the American Academy in Rome and was the Stanley Kelley Jr. Visiting Professor for Distinguished Teaching in Classics at Princeton University.

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