ISBN : 9780198702085
Ressourcement: A Movement for Renewal in Twentieth-Century Catholic Theology provides both a historical and a theological analysis of the achievements of the renowned generation of theologians whose influence pervaded French theology and society in the period 1930 to 1960, and beyond. It considers how the principal exponents of ressourcement, leading Dominicans and Jesuits of the faculties of Le Saulchoir (Paris) and Lyon-Fourviere, inspired a renaissance in twentieth-century Catholic theology and initiated a movement for renewal that contributed to the reforms of the Second Vatican Council. The book assesses the origins and historical development of the biblical, liturgical, and patristic ressourcement in France, Germany, and Belgium, and offers fresh insights into the thought of the movement's leading scholars. It analyses the fierce controversies that erupted within the Jesuit and Dominican orders and between leading ressourcement theologians and the Vatican. The volume also contributes to the elucidation of the complex question of terminology, the interpretation of which still engenders controversy in discussions of ressourcement and nouvelle theologie. It concludes with reflections on how the most important movement in twentieth-century Roman Catholic theology continues to impact on contemporary society and on Catholic and Protestant theological enquiry in the new millennium.
Introduction: The twentieth-century renaissance in Catholic theology
I:THE RESSOURCEMENT MOVEMENT: HISTORY AND CONTEXT
1. Jansenism - an early ressourcement movement?
2. Nouvelle theologie: a return to Modernism?
3. Gilson and the ressourcement
4. Maurice Blondel and ressourcement
5. A new Lyon School (1919-39)?
6. Gagnebet's hidden ressourcement: a Dominican speculative theology from Toulouse
7. The traditionalist in spite of himself: Teilhard de Chardin and ressourcement
8. L'Eglise a ravi son coeur: Charles Journet and the theologians of ressourcement on the personality of the church
9. Humani Generis and nouvelle theologie
10. Analogy of truth: the sacramental epistemology of nouvelle theologie
11. Nouvelle theologie: four historical stages of theological reform towards ressourcement (1935-65)
12. Ressourcement and the enduring legacy of post-Tridentine theology
II: CENTRAL FIGURES OF THE RESSOURCEMENT
13. Marie-Dominique Chenu and Le Saulchoir: a stream of Catholic renewal
14. Ressourcement, ecumenism, and pneumatology: the contribution of Yves Congar to nouvelle theologie
15. Henri de Lubac: looking for books to read the world
16. Danielou and the twentieth-century patristic renewal
17. Henri Bouillard: the freedom of faith
18. Balthasar and ressourcement: an ambiguous relationship
19. Louis Bouyer and the unity of theology
III: RESSOURCEMENT AS A THREEFOLD PROGRAMME OF RENEWAL
20. The renewal of biblical studies in France 1934-54 as an element in theological ressourcement
21. Ressourcement and the renewal of Catholic liturgy: on celebrating the New Rite
22. Knowing God in history and in the church: Dei Verbum and 'nouvelle theologie'
IV: RESSOURCEMENT AND 'THE CHURCH IN THE MODERN WORLD'
23. Ressourcement and the retrieval of Thomism for the contemporary world
24. Ressourcement and Vatican II
25. Ressourcement, Vatican II, and eucharistic ecclesiology
26. The theology of Karl Rahner: an alternative to the ressourcement?
27. Benedict XVI: a ressourcement theologian?
28. Lacan's return to Freud: a case of theological ressourcement?
29. Expanding Catholicity through Ecumenicity in the Work of Yves Congar: Ressourcement, Receptive Ecumenism, and Catholic Reform
30. Ressourcement theology and Protestantism
31. French ressourcement theology and Orthodoxy: a living mutual relationship?
Epilogue: Ressourcement in retrospect