Liddell and Scott: The History, Methodology, and Languages of the World's Leading Lexicon of Ancient Greek

ISBN : 9780198810803

Christopher Stray; Michael Clarke; Joshua T. Katz
456 ページ
156 x 234 mm
  • Offers an unprecedented analysis of the history and methodologies of this highly influential work
  • Combines perspectives from the fields of semantics, lexicography, historical linguistics, literary theory, and the history of the book in a truly interdisciplinary approach
  • Includes contributions from a wide array of international authors and subject experts

The Greek-English Lexicon of Liddell and Scott is one of the most famous dictionaries in the world, and for the past century-and-a-half has been a constant and indispensable presence in teaching, learning, and research on ancient Greek throughout the English-speaking world and beyond. Despite continuous modification and updating, it is still recognizably a Victorian creation; at the same time, however, it carries undiminished authority both for its account of the Greek language and for its system of organizing and presenting linguistic data. 
The present volume brings together essays by twenty-two scholars on all aspects of the history, constitution, and problematics of this extraordinary work, enabling the reader both to understand its complex history and to appreciate it as a monument to the challenges and pitfalls of classical scholarship. The contributors have combined a variety of approaches and methodologies - historical, philological, theoretical - in order to situate the book within the various disciplines to which it is relevant, from semantics, lexicography, and historical linguistics, to literary theory, Victorian studies, and the history of the book. Paying tribute to the Lexicon's enormous effect on the evolving theory and practice of lexicography, it also includes a section looking forward to new developments in dictionary-making in the digital age, bringing comprehensively up to date the question of what the future holds for this fascinating and perplexing monument to the challenges of understanding an ancient language.


List of Figures and Tables
List of Abbreviations
List of Contributors
A Note on the History of the Lexicon, Christopher Stray

1: Liddell and Scott in Historical Context: Victorian Beginnings, Twentieth-Century Developments, Christopher Stray
2: Dictionaries as Translations: English in the Lexicon, Margaret Williamson
3: Latin in the Lexicon, David Butterfield
4: Obscenity: A Problem for the Lexicographer, Amy Coker
5: Etymology and Etymologies in the Lexicon, Joshua T. Katz

6: Incorporating New Evidence: Mycenaean Greek in the Revised Supplement (1996), Brent Vine
7: A Canonical Author: The Case of Hesiod, Tom Mackenzie and Henry Mason
8: Philosophy and Linguistic Authority: The Problem of Plato's Greek, Christopher Rowe
9: Medical Vocabulary, with Especial Reference to the Hippocratic Corpus, Elizabeth Craik
10: The Greek of the New Testament, Patrick James
11: The Ancient, the Medieval, and the Modern in a Greek-English Lexicon, or How To Get Your Daily 'Bread' in Greek Any Day Through the Ages, Mark Janse
12: Greek Dialects in the Lexicon, Philomen Probert
13: Between Cunning and Chaos: mêtisEvelien Bracke

14: Looking for Unity in a Dictionary Entry: A Perspective from Prototype Theory, Michael Clarke
15: Discourse Particles in LSJ: A Fresh Look at ^gê, David Goldstein
16: LSJ and the Diachronic Taxonomy of the Greek Vocabulary, James Clackson
17: Literary Lexicography: Aims and Principles, Michael Silk

18: Lessons Learned During my Time at the Lexikon des frühgriechischen Epos (LfgrE), Michael Meier-Brügger
19: Diminishing Returns and New Challenges, Martin L. West
20: báptō: An Illustration of the State of our Ancient Greek Dictionaries, Anne Thompson
21: Liddell and Scott and the Oxford English DictionaryJohn Considine



Edited by Christopher Stray, Honorary Research Fellow, Department of Classics, Ancient History, and Egyptology, Swansea University, Michael Clarke, Professor of Classics, National University of Ireland, Galway, and Joshua T. Katz, Cotsen Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Classics, Princeton University
Christopher Stray is Honorary Research Fellow in the Department of Classics, Ancient History, and Egyptology at Swansea University. He has held visiting positions at Wolfson College, Cambridge; the Beinecke Library, Yale University; and at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. He works on the history and sociology of classical teaching and learning at school and university level, and has also published on examinations, institutional slang, and textbooks. He contributed three chapters to the History of Oxford University Press, and is currently working on contributions to a forthcoming history of Trinity College, Cambridge.

Michael Clarke is Professor of Classics at the National University of Ireland, Galway. His early research was closely focused on Homeric epic, with publications including Flesh and Spirit in the Songs of Homer (OUP, 2000). Since that time he has pursued two complementary research directions: historical semantics and language change on the one hand and comparative approaches to epic and myth on the other. He is the author of numerous studies of classical influences on medieval literatures, and is working on a long-term study of Togail Troí, the Middle Irish saga of the Trojan War.

Joshua T. Katz is Cotsen Professor in the Humanities, Professor of Classics, and a member of the Program in Linguistics at Princeton University, where he has taught since 1998. A linguist by training, a classicist by profession, and a comparative philologist at heart, he has published widely in the languages, literatures, and cultures of the ancient world, from India to Ireland via Greece, Rome, and the Near East. His recent work has concentrated on how Archaic Greek poems begin, as well as on the history and practice of wordplay, but he maintains an active interest in Vergil, etymology, and badgers.
Evelien Bracke is Senior Lecturer in Classics at Swansea University, UK. 
David Butterfield is Lecturer in Classics at the University of Cambridge and Fellow and Director of Studies in Classics at Queens' College, Cambridge, UK. 
James Clackson is Professor of Comparative Philology at the University of Cambridge and Fellow and Director of Studies in Classics at Jesus College, Cambridge, UK. 
Michael Clarke is Professor of Classics at the National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. 
Amy Coker is a Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Classical Studies, UK. 
John Considine is Professor of English and Film Studies at the University of Alberta, Canada. 
Elizabeth Craik is Honorary Professor of Classics at the University of St Andrews, UK. 
David Goldstein is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Los Angeles, USA. 
Patrick James was a Research Associate in the Faculty of Classics at the University of Cambridge, UK, and served as an Assistant Editor for the Cambridge Greek Lexicon Project. 
Mark Janse is BOF-ZAP Research Professor in Ancient and Asia Minor Greek at Ghent University, Belgium. 
Joshua T. Katz is the Cotsen Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Classics at Princeton University, USA. 
Tom Mackenzie is a Leventis Research Fellow in the Department of Greek and Latin at University College London, UK. 
Henry Mason holds a PhD in Classics from the University of Oxford, UK. 
Michael Meier-Brügger is Professor of Comparative and Indo-European Linguistics at the Free University of Berlin, Germany. 
Philomen Probert is Professor of Classical Philology and Linguistics at the University of Oxford, UK. 
Christopher Rowe is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Classics and Ancient History at Durham University, UK. 
Michael Silk is Emeritus Professor of Classical and Comparative Literature at King's College London, UK. 
Christopher Stray is an Honorary Research Fellow in the Department of Classics, Ancient History, and Egyptology at Swansea University, UK. 
Anne Thompson is an Editorial Associate for the Cambridge Greek Lexicon Project in the Faculty of Classics at the University of Cambridge, UK.
Brent Vine is Professor of Classical and Indo-European Linguistics and Latin Literature at the University of California, Los Angeles, USA. 
Martin L. West † was an Emeritus Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, UK, and a Member of the Order of Merit. 
Margaret Williamson is Associate Professor Emerita of Classics and Comparative Literature at Dartmouth College, USA.