OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Setting Health-Care Priorities: What Ethical Theories Tell Us

ISBN : 9780190946883

参考価格(税込): 
¥11,396
著者: 
Torbjorn Tannsjo
ページ
224 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
156 x 235 mm
刊行日
2019年08月
メール送信
印刷

With much of the world's population facing restricted access to adequate medical care, how to allocate scarce health-care resources is a pressing question for governments, hospitals, and individuals. How do we decide where funding for health-care programs should go? Tannsjo here approaches the subject from a philosophical perspective, balancing theoretical treatments of distributive ethics with real-world examples of how health-care is administered around the world today. Tannsjo begins by laying out several popular ethical theories-utilitarianism, which recommends maximizing the best overall outcome; egalitarianism, which recommends smoothing out the differences between people as much as possible; and the maximin/leximin theory, which urges people to give absolute priority to those who are worst off. Tannsjo shows how, in abstract thought experiments, these theories come into conflict with each other and reveal puzzling implications. He goes on to argue, however, that when we consider health-care in the real-world, these theories all agree on a central point: in a well-ordered welfare state, more resources should be directed to the care and cure of people suffering from mental illness, and less to the marginal life extension of elderly patients. Tannsjo's book thus recommends a shift in spending to increase fairness and overall utility-while also recognizing that this kind of dispassionate suggestion, with its purely economic foundation, is unlikely to take hold in policy. Tannsjo's analysis is a case study in how ethical theories can sometimes lead to rational conclusions and recommendations that we are not prepared to accept.

目次: 

Chapter 1. Introduction
Part One. Theory
Chapter 2. Utilitarianism
Chapter 3. The maximin/leximin theory
Chapter 4. Egalitarianism
Chapter 5. Prioritarianism
Chapter 6. Some controversial implications of the three theories
Chapter 7. Population ethics
Chapter 8. Utilitarianism with or without a prioritarian amendment?
Part Two. Practice
Chapter 9. Ideal and nonideal theory
Chapter 10. Triage in situations of mass casualty
Chapter 11. The maximin/leximin theory: in real life
Chapter 12. Utilitarianism/prioritarianism: in real life
Chapter 13. Conclusion

著者について: 

Torbjorn Tannsjo has published extensively in moral philosophy, political philosophy, and bioethics. His most recent books are Understanding Ethics (Edinburgh UP), a simple introduction to normative ethics, and Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing (OUP, 2015).

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