ISBN : 9780198837404
Presidential term limits restrict the maximum length of time that presidents can serve in office. They stipulate the length of term the presidents can serve between elections and the number of terms that presidents are permitted to serve. While comparative scholarship has long studied important institutions such presidentialism vs. parliamentarism and the effects of different electoral systems, we lack a comprehensive understanding of the role and effects of presidential term limits. Yet presidential term limits and term lengths are one of the most fundamental institutions of democracy. By ensuring compulsory rotation in office, they are at the heart of a democratic dilemma. What is the appropriate trade-off between allowing the unrestricted selection of candidates at presidential elections vs. restricting selection procedures to prevent the possibility of dictatorial takeover by presidents who are unwilling to step down?
In the context of a long and on-going history of changes to presidential term limits and the many and varied ways in which term limits have been both applied and avoided, this book explains the factors behind the introduction, stability, abolition, and avoidance of presidential term limits, as well as the consequences of changes to presidential term limits, and it does so in the context of non-democracies, third-wave countries, and consolidated democracies. It includes comparative, theoretical, and practitioner-oriented chapters, as well as detailed country case studies of presidential term limits across the world and over time.
1 Alexander Baturo and Robert Elgie: Presidential Term Limits
2 Peter Stone: Theorizing Presidential Rotation
3 Tom Ginsburg and Zachary Elkins: One Size Does Not Fit All: The Provision and Interpretation of Presidential Term Limits
4 David Landau, Yaniv Roznai, and Rosalind Dixon: Term Limits and the Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendment Doctrine: Lessons from Latin America
5 Alexander Baturo: Continuismo in Comparison: Avoidance, Extension, and Removal of Presidential Term Limits
6 Leiv Marsteintredet: Presidential Term Limits in Latin America: ca. 1820-1985
7 Octavio Amorim Neto and Igor P. Acacio: Presidential Term Limits as a Credible-Commitment Mechanism: The Case of Brazil's Military Regime
8 Joseph L. Klesner: The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Mexico
9 David Close: Presidential term limits in Nicaragua
10 Alessandra Bonci and Francesco Cavatorta: The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Tunisia
11 John R. Heilbrunn: Presidential Term Limits in Togo: Electoral Accountability Postponed
12 Dmitry Nurumov and Vasil Vashchanka: Presidential terms in Kazakhstan: Less is More?
13 Zhengxu Wang and Anastas Vangeli: China: Limiting and Regularizing Top Political Power
14 Natasha Ezrow: Term Limits and Succession in Dictatorships
15 Peter VonDoepp: The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Malawi
16 Nic Cheeseman: Should I Stay or Should I Go? Term-limits, elections, and political change in Kenya, Uganda and Zambia
17 Charlotte Heyl: Senegal (1970-2016): Presidential Term Limit Reforms Never Come Alone
18 Sophia Moestrup: Presidential Term Limits in Burkina Faso
19 Paul Chaisty: The Uses and Abuses of Presidential Term Limits in Russian Politics
20 Michael J. Korzi: The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in the US
21 Robert Elgie: Presidential Term Limits in Europe
22 Fiona Yap: Term Limits in South Korea: Promises and Perils
23 Mariana Llanos: The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Argentina
24 Juan Munoz-Portillo and Ilka Treminio: The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras
25 Jose Antonio Cheibub and Alejandro Medina: The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Latin America - From Redemocratization to Today
26 David Doyle: Presidential Term Limits in Bolivia
27 Christina Murray, Eric Alston and Micha Wiebusch: Presidential Term Limits and the International Community
28 Akisato Suzuki: Effects of Presidential Term Limits
29 Alexander Baturo and Robert Elgie: What have we learned about presidential term limits?