The German Awakening: Protestant Renewal after the Enlightenment, 1815-1848

ISBN : 9780190936860

Andrew Kloes
344 ページ
156 x 235 mm
Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

Historians of modern German culture and church history refer to "the Awakening movement" (die Erweckungsbewegung) to describe a period in the history of German Protestantism between the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 and the Revolution of 1848. "The Awakening" was the last major nationwide Protestant reform and revival movement to occur in Germany. This book analyzes numerous primary sources from the era of the Awakening and synthesizes the current state of German scholarship for an English-speaking audience. It examines the Awakening as a product of the larger social changes that were re-shaping German society during the early decades of the nineteenth century. Theologically, Awakened Protestants were traditionalists. They affirmed religious doctrines that orthodox Protestants had professed since the confessional statements of the Reformation-era. Awakened Protestants rejected the changes that Enlightenment thought had introduced into Protestant theology and preaching since the mid-eighteenth century. However, Awakened Protestants were also themselves distinctly modern. Their efforts to spread their religious beliefs were successful because of the new political freedoms and economic opportunities that the Enlightenment had introduced. These social conditions gave German Protestants new means and abilities to pursue their religious goals. Awakened Protestants were leaders in the German churches and in the universities. They used their influence to found many voluntary organizations for evangelism, in Germany and abroad. They also established many institutions to ameliorate the living conditions of those in poverty. Adapting Protestantism to modern society in these ways was the most original and innovative aspect of the Awakening movement.


Chapter One: The History of the Concept of Religious Awakening in German Protestantism
Chapter Two: Religious Enlightenment and Awakening: Historical Consciousness and Protestant Identity
Chapter Three: The Awakening and Preaching
Chapter Four: The Awakening and Theology
Chapter Five: The Awakening and New Religious Societies for Evangelism
Chapter Six: The Awakening and New Religious Societies for Social Reform
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources


Andrew Kloes received his PhD from the University of Edinburgh in June 2016. Since then he has been a contract historical researcher at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C.