Politics in China: An Introduction, Third Edition (3rd edition)

ISBN : 9780190870713

William A. Joseph
632 ページ
178 x 254 mm
  • Written by a team of prominent China scholars from the U.S., the U.K., Australia, and Hong Kong
  • Includes an extensive Glossary of Key Terms, a Timeline of Modern Chinese Political History, and maps of China, Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

New to this Edition:

  • The third edition has been thoroughly updated and revised
  • Includes a new chapter on the internet and politics in China

On October 1, 2019, the People's Republic of China (PRC) will celebrate the 70th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous seven decades it has been! During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China has been transformed from one of world's poorest countries into one of its fastest growing economies, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence.
But in the late 1950s, the PRC experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. And in 1989, the CCP unleashed the army to brutally crush demonstrations by students and others calling for political reform.
China is now, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of harsh repression and popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, ethnic unrest, and a rising tide of social protest.
Politics in China provides an accessible yet authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. The third edition has been extensively revised, thoroughly updated, and includes a new chapter on the internet and politics in China. The book's chapters provide overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, examinations of key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and analyses of developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.


List of Illustrations

1. Studying Chinese Politics (William A. Joseph)

2. From Empire to People's Republic (R. Keith Schoppa)
3. Mao Zedong in Power (1949 - 1976) (Frederick C. Teiwes)
4. Deng Xiaoping and His Successors (1976 - the present) (Bruce Gilley)

5. Ideology and China's Political Development (William A. Joseph)
6. China's Communist Party-State: The Structure of Power (Cheng Li)
7. China' Legal System (Jacque deLisle)
8. China's Political Economy (David Zweig)

9. Rural China: Reform and Resistance (John James Kennedy)
10. Urban China: Change and Challenges (William Hurst and Christian Sorace)
11. Policy Case Study: The Arts (Richard Curt Kraus)
12. Policy Case Study: The Environment (Katherine Morton and Fengshi Wu)
13. Policy Case Study: Public Health (Joan Kaufman)
14. Policy Case Study: Population Policy (Tyrene White)
15. Policy Case Study: The Internet and Politics (Guobin Yang)

16. Tibet (Robert Barnett)
17. Xinjiang (Gardner Bovingdon)
18. Hong Kong (Sonny Shiu-Hing Lo)
19. Taiwan (Shelley Rigger)

Timeline of Modern Chinese Political History


William A. Joseph is Professor of Political Science and chair of the department at Wellesley College and an Associate in Research of the John King Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies at Harvard University. He is the author of The Critique of Ultra-Leftism in China (1984) and editor or co-editor of New Perspectives on the Cultural Revolution (1991), China Briefing (1991, 1992, 1994, 1997), The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2nd ed., 2001), Introduction to Comparative Politics: Political Challenges and Changing Agendas (8th ed., 2018.)

Robert Barnett 
is based at Pembroke College, Cambridge and is an Associate at King's College, London, having founded and directed the Modern Tibetan Studies Program at Columbia University in New York from 1999 to 2018. He has also taught at Princeton, INALCO (Paris) and IACER (Kathmandu), and ran an independent research project on contemporary Tibet in London from 1987-98. His books and edited volumes include Conflicting Memories with Benno Weiner and Françoise Robin (2019); Tibetan Modernities: Notes from the Field, with Ronald Schwartz (2008); Lhasa: Streets with Memories (2006). His writing includes studies of Tibetan politics, cinema, television, religious regulations, social management, women politicians, and contemporary exorcism rituals. He runs a number of training programs in Tibet on ecotourism, small business skills and is a frequent commentator on Tibet and nationality issues in China for the media.
Gardner Bovingdon is Associate Professor in the Departments of Central Eurasian Studies and International Studies, and Adjunct Associate Professor of Political Science, at Indiana University. A specialist on nationalism, identity politics, and historiography with a geographical focus on Central Asia, he has published a number of journal articles and book chapters on these topics. His book, The Uyghurs: Strangers in Their Own Land, was published in 2010.
Jacques deLisle is Stephen A. Cozen Professor of Law and Professor of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania, where he also serves as the Director of the Center for East Asian Studies and Deputy Director of the Center for the Study of Contemporary China. He is the Director of the Asia Program at the Foreign Policy Research Institute. His scholarship, which has appeared in many international affairs journals and law reviews, focuses on domestic legal and legal-institutional reform, the relationship of legal development to economic and political change, and the roles of law in addressing crises in China; the PRC's engagement with the international legal order; and Taiwan's international status and cross-Strait relations, and. He is the co-editor of China's Global Engagement: Cooperation, Competition, and Influence in the 21st Century (2017), The Internet, Social Media, and a Changing China (2017), and China's Challenges: The Road Ahead (2014).
Bruce Gilley 
is Professor of Political Science in the Mark O. Hatfield School of Government at Portland State University. His research centers on the comparative and international politics of China and Asia as well as the comparative politics of democracy and political legitimacy. He is the author of China's Democratic Future (2004) and The Right to Rule: How States Win and Lose Legitimacy (2009).
William Hurst
 is Associate Professor of Political Science at Northwestern University. He is the author of The Chinese Worker after Socialism (2009) and Ruling Before the Law: The Politics of Legal Regimes in China and Indonesia (2018), as well as co-editor of Laid-off Workers in a Workers' State: Unemployment with Chinese Characteristics (2009) and Local Governance Innovation in China: Experimentation, Diffusion, and Defiance (2015). His ongoing research focuses on the political economy of land and development in Mainland China, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Taiwan.
Joan Kaufman is the Senior Director for Academic Programs at the Schwarzman Scholars Program, Lecturer on Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She was previously the Director of Columbia University's Global Center for East Asia, based in Beijing, and Associate Professor at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, Distinguished Scientist at the Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, founder and director of the AIDS Public Policy Program at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, and China team leader for the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative. She has lived and worked in China for over 15 years for Ford Foundation and the UN, was a Radcliffe fellow at Harvard and a Soros Reproductive Health and Rights Fellow. Dr. Kaufman teaches, works and writes on AIDS, gender, international health, infectious diseases, reproductive health, health sector reform, and health governance issues, with a focus on China.
John James Kennedy is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for East Asian Studies at the University of Kansas. His research focuses on rural social and political development including village elections, tax reform, family planning and rural education. He frequently returns to China to conduct fieldwork and collaborate with Chinese colleagues in Northwest China. Prof. Kennedy is the co-author (with Yao Liangshi) of Local Leaders, Families and the "Missing Girls" in Rural China (2019). He has also published a number of book chapters as well as articles in journals such as Asian Survey, The China Quarterly, Journal of Peasant Studies, the Journal of Chinese Political Science, Journal of Contemporary China, Asian Politics and Policy and Political Studies.
Richard Curt Kraus
 is Professor Emeritus of Political Science, University of Oregon. He is the author of Class Conflict in Chinese Socialism (1981), Pianos and Politics in China (1989), Brushes with Power: Modern Politics and the Chinese Art of Calligraphy (1991), The Party and the Arty (2004), The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction (2012), and coeditor of Urban Spaces: Autonomy and Community in Contemporary China (1995).
Cheng Li
 is Director and Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution's John L. Thornton China Center. Dr. Li is the author/editor of numerous books, including Rediscovering China: Dynamics and Dilemmas of Reform (1997), China's Leaders: The New Generation (2001), Bridging Minds Across the Pacific: The Sino-US Educational Exchange (2005), China's Changing Political Landscape: Prospects for Democracy (2008), China's Emerging Middle Class: Beyond Economic Transformation (2010), China's Political Development: Chinese and American Perspectives (2014), Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership (2016) and The Power of Ideas: The Rising Influence of Thinkers and Think Tanks in China (2017). He is the principal editor of the Thornton Center Chinese Thinkers Series published by the Brookings Institution Press.
Sonny Shiu-Hing Lo is Professor and Deputy Director (Arts and Sciences) in the School of Professional and Continuing Education at the University of Hong Kong. His new books include China's New United Front Work in Hong Kong (forthcoming, with Steven Hung and Jeff Loo), Interest Groups and the New Democracy Movement in Hong Kong (2018) and The Politics of Controlling Organized Crime in Greater China (2016)
Katherine Morton 
is the Chair and Professor of China's International Relations at the University of Sheffield. Her research addresses the domestic and international motivations behind China's changing role in the world and the implications for foreign policy and the study of International Relations. Prior to her appointment at the University of Sheffield she was the Associate Dean for Research at the College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University and a Senior Fellow in the Department of International Relations. She has published widely on the environment and climate change, global governance, transnational security, food security, maritime security, and the South China Sea. Her current book project examines the likely impacts of China's rising international status upon the evolving system of global governance.
Shelley Rigger is Brown Professor of East Asian Politics at Davidson College. She has been a visiting researcher at National Chengchi University in Taiwan and a visiting professor at Fudan University in Shanghai. She is the author of two books on Taiwan's domestic politics, Politics in Taiwan: Voting for Democracy (1999) and From Opposition to Power: Taiwan's Democratic Progressive Party (2001); a monograph, "Taiwan's Rising Rationalism: Generations, Politics and 'Taiwan Nationalism'" (2006); and articles on Taiwan's domestic politics, the national identity issue in Taiwan-China relations and related topics.
R. Keith Schoppa is Doehler Chair in Asian History Emeritus at Loyola University, Maryland. He has authored many books and articles, including, most recently, In a Sea of Bitterness: Refugees during the Sino-Japanese War (2011). His book, Blood Road: The Mystery of Shen Dingyi in Revolutionary China (1996), which won the 1997 Association for Asian Studies' Levenson Prize for the best book on twentieth century China, and textbooks on modern China and East Asia. He has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.
Christian Sorace is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Colorado College. He is the author of Shaken Authority: China's Communist Party and the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake (2018) and co-editor of Afterlives of Chinese Communism: Political Concepts from Mao to Xi (forthcoming). His new research focuses on comparative urbanization, crisis, and temporality in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, China.
Frederick C. Teiwes is Emeritus Professor of Chinese Politics at the University of Sydney. He is the author of numerous works on Chinese Communist elite politics during the Maoist era, including Politics and Purges in China (1979), 2nd edition, 1993), Politics at Mao's Court (1990), The Tragedy of Lin Biao (1996), China's Road to Disaster (1999), and The End of the Maoist Era (2007) (the latter three studies co-authored with Warren Sun). Together with Dr Sun, during the past decade he has published revisionist studies of the early post-Mao period, notably Paradoxes of Post-Mao Rural Reform (2016). He thanks the Australian Research Council for generous research support over many years.
Tyrene White is Professor of Political Science at Swarthmore College. She is the author of China's Longest Campaign: Birth Planning in the People's Republic, 1949-2005 (Cornell, 2006), and many articles on rural politics and population policy in China. She is the editor of China Briefing: The Continuing Transformation (2000) and co-editor of Engendering China: Women, Culture, and the State (1994). Her current research examines China's regulatory politics in comparative perspective and the causes of China's fertility decline in the 1970s.
Fengshi Wu is Senior Lecturer in the Asia Institute, the University of Melbourne. She specializes in environmental politics, state-society relations, and global governance with the empirical focus on China and Asia. She was a Visiting Fellow at the Harvard-Yenching Institute (2008-2009) and a Graduate Fellow of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences (2004). Her recent academic works have appeared in China Journal, VOLUNTAS, China Quarterly, Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, Journal of Contemporary China. She recently edited the book China's Global Conquest for Resources (2017) on China's overseas investment in and acquisition of natural resources.
Guobin Yang is the Grace Lee Boggs Professor of Communication and Sociology at the Annenberg School for Communication and Department of Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of The Red Guard Generation and Political Activism in China (2016) and The Power of the Internet in China: Citizen Activism Online (2009). His Dragon-Carving and the Literary Mind (2003) is an annotated English translation of the Chinese classic of rhetoric and literary theory Wenxin Diaolong. He has edited or co-edited four books, including China's Contested Internet (2015), The Internet, Social Media, and a Changing China (with Jacques deLisle and Avery Goldstein, 2016), and Re-Envisioning the Chinese Revolution: The Politics and Poetics of Collective Memories in Reform China (with Ching-Kwan Lee, 2007).
David Zweig is Professor Emeritus, Division of Social Science, at The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology HKUST, and Director, Transnational China Consulting Limited (HK). He is Vice President of the Center on China and Globalization (Beijing). He is the author of four books, including Freeing China's Farmers (1997), Internationalizing China: Domestic Interests and Global Linkages (2002), and China's Brain Drain to the United States (1995), and co-editor of US-China Energy Triangles: Resource Diplomacy under Hegemony (2015). His current book project focuses on the reverse migration of Chinese talent.