OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

A Meaning to Life

ISBN : 9780190933227

参考価格(税込): 
¥3,377
著者: 
Michael Ruse
ページ
256 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
127 x 178 mm
刊行日
2019年05月
メール送信
印刷

Does human life have any meaning? Does the question even make sense today? For centuries, the question of the meaning or purpose of human life was assumed by scholars and theologians to have a religious answer: life has meaning because humans were made in the image of a good god. In the 19th century, however, Charles Darwin's theory of evolution changed everything-and the human organism was seen to be more machine than spirit. Ever since, with the rise of science and decline of religious belief, there has been growing interest-and growing doubt-about whether human life really does have meaning. If it does, where might we find it? The historian and philosopher of science Michael Ruse investigates this question, and wonders whether we can find a new meaning to life within Darwinian views of human nature. If God no longer exists-or if God no longer cares-rather than promoting a bleak nihilism, many Darwinians think we can convert Darwin into a form of secular humanism. Ruse explains that, in a tradition going back to the time of Darwin himself, and represented today by the evolutionist E. O. Wilson, evolution is seen as progress-"-and that positive meaning is found in continuing and supporting this upwards path of life. In A Meaning to Life, Michael Ruse argues that this is a false turn, and there is no real progress in the evolutionary process. Rather, meaning in the Darwinian age can be found if we turn to a kind of Darwinian existentialism, seeing our evolved human nature as the source of all meaning, both in the intellectual and social worlds. Ruse argues that it is only by accepting our true nature-evolved over millennia- that humankind can truly find what is meaningful.

目次: 

Preface
Introduction
Chapter One: The Unraveling of Belief
Chapter Two: Has Religion Really Lost the Answer?
Chapter Three: Darwinism as Religion
Chapter Four: Darwinian Existentialism
Bibliography
Index

著者について: 

Michael Ruse is the Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy, and Director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science, at Florida State University. He has written or edited more than fifty books, including most recently On Purpose (2017) and the OUP volumes Darwinism as Religion (2016), and The Problem of War (2018).

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