OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Politics in the Marketplace: Work, Gender, and Citizenship in Revolutionary France

ISBN : 9780190917111

参考価格(税込): 
¥6,930
著者: 
Katie Jarvis
関連カテゴリー
ページ
352 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
165 x 244 mm
刊行日
2019年02月
メール送信
印刷

One of the most dramatic images of the French Revolution is of Parisian market women sloshing through mud and dragging cannons as they marched on Versailles and returned with bread and the king. These market women, the Dames des Halles, sold essential foodstuffs to the residents of the capital but, equally important, through their political and economic engagement, held great revolutionary influence. Politics in the Marketplace examines how the Dames des Halles invented notions of citizenship through everyday trade. It innovatively interweaves the Dames' political activism and economic practices to reveal how marketplace actors shaped the nature of nascent democracy and capitalism through daily commerce. While haggling over price controls, fair taxes, and acceptable currency, the Dames and their clients negotiated tenuous economic and social contracts in tandem, remaking longstanding Old Regime practices. In this environment, the Dames conceptualized a type of economic citizenship in which individuals' activities such as buying goods, selling food, or paying taxes positioned them within the body politic and enabled them to make claims on the state. They insisted that their work as merchants served society and demanded that the state pass favorable regulations for them in return. In addition, they drew on their patriotic work as activists and their gendered work as republican mothers to compel the state to provide practical currency and assist indigent families. Thus, their notion of citizenship portrayed useful work, rather than gender, as the cornerstone of civic legitimacy. In this original work, Katie Jarvis challenges the interpretation that the Revolution launched an inherently masculine trajectory for citizenship and reexamines work, gender, and citizenship at the cusp of modern democracy.

目次: 

Acknowledgments
Introduction: Inventing Citizenship in the Revolutionary Marketplace
Chapter 1: The Dames des Halles: Economic Lynchpins and the People Personified
Chapter 2: Embodying Sovereignty: The October Days, Political Activism, and Maternal Work
Chapter 3: Occupying the Marketplace: The Battle Over Public Space,Particular Interests, and the Body Politic
Chapter 4: Exacting Change: Money, Market Women, and the Crumbling Corporate World
Chapter 5: The Cost of Female Citizenship: Price Controls and the Gendering of Democracy in Revolutionary France
Chapter 6: Selling Legitimacy: Merchants, Police, and the Politics of Popular Subsistence
Chapter 7: Commercial Licenses as Political Contracts: Working Out Autonomy and Economic Citizenship
Conclusion: Fruits of Labors: Citizenship as Social Experience
Notes
Bibliography
Index

著者について: 

Katie Jarvis is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Notre Dame.

このページに掲載の「参考価格」は日本国内における希望小売価格です。当ウェブサイトでのご購入に対して特別価格が適用される場合、販売価格は「割引価格」として表示されます。なお、価格は予告なく変更されることがございますので、あらかじめご了承ください。