A Population History of India: From the First Modern People to the Present Day

ISBN : 9780198829058

Tim Dyson
336 ページ
153 x 234 mm

A Population History of India provides an account of the size and characteristics of India's population stretching from when hunter-gatherer homo sapiens first arrived in the country - very roughly seventy thousand years ago - until the modern day. It is a period during which the population grew from just a handful of people to reach almost 1.4 billion, and a time when the fact of death had a huge influence on the nature of life. This book considers the millennia that were characterized by hunting and gathering, the Indus valley civilization, the opening-up of the Ganges river basin, and the eras of the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughal Empire, British colonial rule, and India since independence.

By observing India through a demographic lens, A Population History of India: From the First Modern People to the Present Day addresses mortality, fertility, the size of cities, patterns of migration, and the multitude of famines, epidemics, invasions, wars, and other events that affected the population. It draws together research from archaeology, cultural studies, economics, epidemiology, linguistics, history, and politics to understand the likely trajectory of India's population in comparison to the trends that applied to Europe and China, and to reveal a surprising and dramatic story.


1 The First Modern People
2 Prehistory and Early History
3 From Ancient Times to the Year 1000
4 Medieval to Mughal Times (c. 1000 to c. 1707)
5 Mughal Decline to Early British Rule (c. 1707 to c. 1821)
6 Company and Crown (c. 1821 to c. 1871)
7 Famines, Plague, and Influenza (c. 1871 to c. 1921)
8 Before and After 1947 (c. 1921 to c. 1971)
9 From Anxiety to Unconcern on Population (c. 1971 to c. 2016)
10 Conclusion
Appendix I: The Population Density of Early Cities
Appendix II: Demographic Estimates for 1881-1921


Tim Dyson is Professor of Population Studies at the London School of Economics. Educated in England and Canada, he has held visiting positions at the Australian National University in Canberra, the International Institute of Population Sciences in Mumbai, and the American University of Beirut. A past President of the British Society for Population Studies, in 2015 he delivered the initial keynote address at the forty-eighth session of the United Nations Commission on Population and Development in New York. He has been interested in the demography of India since the 1970s, and has written extensively on the country's past, present, and future population.