Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics (2nd edition)

ISBN : 9780198805014

Niels E. Henriksen; Flemming Y. Hansen
544 ページ
171 x 246 mm
Oxford Graduate Texts

This book deals with a central topic at the interface of chemistry and physics—the understanding of how the transformation of matter takes place at the atomic level. Building on the laws of physics, the book focuses on the theoretical framework for predicting the outcome of chemical reactions. The style is highly systematic with attention to basic concepts and clarity of presentation. The emphasis is on concepts and insights obtained via analytical theories rather than computational and numerical aspects.

Molecular reaction dynamics is about the detailed atomic-level description of chemical reactions. Based on quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics, the dynamics of uni- and bi-molecular elementary reactions are described. The book features a comprehensive presentation of transition-state theory which plays an important role in practice, and a detailed discussion of basic theories of reaction dynamics in condensed phases. Examples and end-of-chapter problems are included in order to illustrate the theory and its connection to chemical problems.

The second edition includes updated descriptions of adiabatic and non-adiabatic electron-nuclear dynamics, an expanded discussion of classical two-body models of chemical reactions, including the Langevin model, additional material on quantum tunnelling and its implementation in Transition-State Theory, and a more thorough description of the Born and Onsager models for solvation.


1 Introduction
PART I: Gas-phase dynamics
2 From microscopic to macroscopic descriptions
3 Potential energy surfaces
4 Bimolecular reactions, dynamics of collisions
5 Rate constants, reactive flux
6 Bimolecular reactions, transition-state theory
7 Unimolecular reactions
8 Microscopic interpretation of Arrhenius parameters
PART II: Condensed-phase dynamics
9 Introduction to condensed-phase dynamics
10 Static solvent effects, transition-state theory
11 Dynamic solvent effects, Kramers theory and beyond
PART III: Appendices
Appendix A Adiabatic and non-adiabatic electron-nuclear dynamics
Appendix B Statistical mechanics
Appendix C Microscopic reversibility and detailed balance
appendix D Cross-sections in various frames
appendix E Internal kinetic energy, Jacobi coordinates
Appendix F Small-amplitude vibrations, normal-mode coordinates
Appendix G Quantum mechanics
Appendix H An Integral
Appendix I Dynamics of random processes
Appendix J Multidimensional integrals, Monte Carlo method


Niels Engholm Henriksen holds a Ph.D. in chemical physics from the Technical University of Denmark and a D.Sc. from the University of Copenhagen. After his postdoctoral work in the United States with E.J. Heller, he became a senior research scholar at the University of Copenhagen. Since 1991, NEH has been affiliated with the Technical University of Denmark. His research interests cover various aspects of theoretical molecular reaction dynamics including femtochemistry.; Flemming Yssing Hansen has a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the Technical University of Denmark. From 1973-2012 he held a position as associate professor in physical chemistry at the Technical University of Denmark and served during that time a 15 year period as chairman of the Department of Physical Chemistry. Since 2012, he has held an emeritus position at the Department of Chemistry, the Technical University of Denmark. He has spent extensive time in Chile and USA as a visiting professor at various universities and was appointed as adjunct professor in Physics at the University of Missouri-Columbia. His research interests cover a wide range of aspects within thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, quantum mechanics and molecular dynamics simulations.