The Empire of Disgust: Prejudice, Discrimination and Policy in India and the US

ISBN : 9780199487837

Zoya Hasan; Aziz Z. Huq; Martha C. Nussbaum; Vidhu Verma
440 ページ
147 x 221 mm

All known societies exclude and stigmatize one or more minority groups. Frequently, these exclusions are underwritten with a rhetoric of disgust. People of certain groups, it is alleged, are filthy, hyper-animal, or not fit to share such facilities as drinking water, food, and public swimming pools with the 'clean' and 'fully human' majority. But exclusions vary in their scope and also in the specific disgust-ideologies underlying them. In this volume, interdisciplinary scholars from India and the United States present a detailed comparative study of the varieties of prejudice and stigma that pervade contemporary social and political life. These include prejudice along the axes of caste, race, gender identity, age, sexual orientation, disability, ethnicity, religion, and economic class. In examining these forms of stigma and their intersections, the authors present theoretically pluralistic and empirically sensitive accounts that both explain group-based stigma and suggest ways forward. These forward-looking remedies, including group resistance to subordination as well as institutional and legal change, point the way towards a public culture that is informed by our diverse histories of discrimination and therefore equipped to eliminate stigma in all of its multifaceted forms.


Acknowledgements Introduction 1. The Dalit Body: A Reading for the Anthropocene Dipesh Chakrabarty 2. Stigma or Red Tape? Roadblocks in the Use of Affirmative Action Ashwini Deshpande 3. Of Big Black Bucks and Golden-Haired Little Girls: How Fear of Miscegenation Informed Brown v. Board of Education and Its Resistance Justin Driver 4. Four Types of Racism Emilio Comay del Junco 5. A Social Location Theory of Gender: How Gender Borders Create the Category 'Woman' Emily Dupree 6. Gender and Anti-Discrimination Laws in India: Modesty, Honour and Defiled Bodies Vidhu Verma 7. Regulating Retirement and Wrinkles in an Age of Prejudice Saul Levmore 8. Aging, Stigma, and Disgust Martha C. Nussbaum 9. Disgust or Equality? Sexual Orientation and Indian Law Martha C. Nussbaum 10. The Rule of Disgust? Contemporary Transgender Rights Discourse in India Jeffrey A. Redding 11. Combatting Exclusions Through Law: Rights of Transgender People in India H.R.
Vasujith Ram 12. Disability, Exclusions and Resistance: An Indian Context Anita Ghai 13. Processes of Shaming: The Limits of Disability Policy in India Nandini Ghosh 14. What is the Case Against Muslims? Aziz Z. Huq 15. Muslims and the Politics of Discrimination in India Zoya Hasan 16. Class and Classification: The Role of Disgust in Regulating Social Status Laura Weinrib 17. The Point of Discrimination Law: Securing the Freedom to Flourish Tarunabh Khaitan 18. Economic Theories of Discrimination: The Positive and the Normative Richard H. McAdams Author the editors and contributors Index


One of India's leading political scientists, Hasan recently retired from her Professorship in the Centre for Political Studies at JNU, where she served for many years, and where she now has Emerita status; she has also served as Dean of the School Social Sciences at JNU and as Chair of the Gender Studies program at JNU. She is a former member of the National Commission for Minorities. Her books include Dominance and Mobilisation: Rural Politics in Western Uttar Pradesh, 1930-80 , Quest for Power: Oppositional Movements and Post-Congress Politics in Uttar Pradesh; Unequal Cigizens: Status of Muslim Women in India (with Ritu Menon); Politics of Inclusion: Castes, Minorities and Affirmative Action , and Congress After Indira: Policy, Power and Political Change 1984-2009. Huq is Frank and Bernice J. Greenberg Professor of Law at the University of Chicago Law School. His teaching and research interests include criminal procedure, constitutional law, and constitutional design.; As a Senior Consultant analyst for the International Crisis Group, he researched the implementation of constitutional norms in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. He has also directed the Liberty and National Security Project of the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU Law School, and has clerked for Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. With Tom Ginsburg he is co-editor of the 2017 volume Implementing Constitutional Design, forthcoming from Cambridge University Press. Martha C. Nussbaum is Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics, appointed in the Law School and the Philosophy Department. She holds Associate appointments in Classics, Divinity, and Political Science, and is a member of the Committee on Southern Asian Studies and a Board Member of the Human Rights Program. Her most recent book is Anger and Forgiveness: Resentment, Generosity, Justice. Her longstanding connection with India can be seen in the books Women and Human Development: The Capabilities; Approach, The Clash Within: Democracy, Religious Violence, and India's Future , India: Implementing Pluralism and Democracy (co-edited with Wendy Doniger), and in many articles. She has worked with UNDP-Delhi and with The Lawyers Collective. Verma is Professor in the Centre for Political Studies, JNU, Delhi. Her areas of research include Indian political thought, feminist politics, affirmative action, and social justice. She is the author of three books: Non-discrimination and Equality in India: Contesting Boundaries of Social Justice, Malaysia: State and Civil Society in Transition, and Justice, Equality, and Community , as well as numerous articles. She is currently a Principal Investigator in a project on Changing Conceptions of Legal Justice in India.